rio de janeiro population

The Pedra Branca State Park (Parque Estadual da Pedra Branca)[74] is the biggest urban state park in the world comprising 17 neighborhoods in the west side, being a "giant lung" in the city with trails,[75] waterfalls and historic constructions like an old aqueduct in the Colônia Juliano Moreira[76] in the neighborhood of Taquara and a dam in Camorim. The buses also run more frequently during the rush hours in the morning and evening. Ce site est le fruit d'une passion : les Humains et la Terre. The Rio Champions Cup Tennis tournament is held in the spring. In addition, Rio has an ample offering of private schools that provide education at all levels. 8%. The phrase, fazer frio ("making cold", i.e. Democratic renewal also allowed for the recognition and acceptance of this diversification of Brazilian culture.[151]. The 2011 Military World Games were the largest military sports event ever held in Brazil, with approximately 4,900 athletes from 108 countries competing in 20 sports.[162]. [143] He commented on and criticized the political and social events of the city and country such as the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the transition from Empire to Republic with his numerous chronicles published in newspapers of the time. [132], Primary schools are largely under municipal administration, while the state plays a more significant role in the extensive network of secondary schools. Rio is often said to be one of the world’s most beautiful cities and has a spectacular setting. →. According to an autosomal DNA study from 2009, conducted on a school in the poor suburb of Rio de Janeiro, the "pardos" there were found to be on average about 80% European, and the "whites" (who thought of themselves as "very mixed") were found to carry very little Amerindian and/or African admixtures. Density (people per unit of area) 2%. Notre vocation est d'informer les internautes sur le monde et les populations qui y vivent, par le biais de fiches pays synthétiques, de statistiques, de cartes d'actualités, d'articles ponctuels, le tout dans divers domaines touchant l'humanité. The Guanabara Bay has lost mangrove areas and suffers from residues from domestic and industrial sewage, oils and heavy metals. [116] The top three goods exported by the municipality were crude petroleum (40%), semi finished iron product (16%), and semi finished steel products (11%). ", The largest Brazilian cities – 2010 IBGE Census, "Portuguese descent in the city of Rio de janeiro and Brazil", Venâncio, R.P., "Presença portuguesa: de colonizadores a imigrantes", in, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, "Color and genomic ancestry in Brazilians", "Consulado do Japão no Rio disponibiliza telefone para prestar informações sobre o país | Agencia Brasil", "Negros e pardos do Rio têm mais genes europeus do que imaginam, segundo estudo", "Association of genetic variants with self-assessed color categories in Brazilians", Roraima heads in Irreligion percentage ranking, Rio de Janeiro state is in #2, Piauí is the most Roman Catholic state in Brazil despite growth in Evangelicals, Pentecostals and other Protestants, "FGV: desigualdade entre favela e asfalto cai no Rio", "Rio é a cidade com maior população em favelas do Brasil", "Complicit States and the Governing Strategy of Privilege Violence: When Weakness is Not the Problem", "Rio violence: Police killings reach record high in 2019", "Comparing Brazilian states with countries", "Economy Of Rio de Janeiro, need To Know Economy Of Rio de Janeiro, About Economy Of Rio de Janeiro", "Rio de Janeiro será a capital do petróleo entre os dias 13 e 16 de setembro – Agricultura |RuralBR", "Exports by Product for Rio de Janeiro (2014)", "International Trade by Section for Rio de Janeiro (2014)", "Worldwide Cost of Living survey 2011 – Top 50 cities: Cost of living ranking", "SP é a 10ª cidade mais cara do mundo para estrangeiros; RJ é a 12ª", "Rio de Janeiro lidera lista de hotéis mais caros do País", "Rio de Janeiro is the main tourist destination in the South Hemisphere", "G1 – Rio recebe quase 1 milhão de turistas homossexuais por ano, diz pesquisa – notícias em Rio de Janeiro", "International Schools in Rio de Janeiro", "As 18 melhores universidades do Brasil em 2015 -", "QS University Rankings: Latin America 2015", "Faculdades reconhecidas pelo MEC, Vestibular, Apostilas, Universitário, Profissão, Professor", "Rio de Janeiro International Film Festival", "Official website – National Library of Rio", "Um pedaço de Portugal no Rio de Janeiro – Opinião e Notícia", "The Top 10 Music Festivals in the World", "Rio de Janeiro to host 2016 Olympic Games", "Botafogo vai administrar estádio olímpico do Engenhão", "International Airport of Rio de Janeiro", "WPS – Port of Rio de Janeiro contact information", "Rio de Janeiro Public Transportation Statistics", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "O DIA Online – Linha 3 do metrô vai receber R$35 milhões da União", "Tarifa de ônibus no Rio aumenta de R$ 3,40 para R$ 3,80 neste sábado", "Novas tarifas de ônibus com ar condicionado e da integração ônibus-metrô", G1: Bombeiros confirmam cinco mortos em acidente com bonde no Rio, "Santa Teresa Tramway: Vehicles, 1875–present", "Bondinho de Santa Teresa passa por testes", "Prefeitura lança Bike Rio, novo sistema de aluguel de bicicletas da cidade", "Itaú patrocina programa de aluguel de bicicletas no Rio", "Rio + Internacional 2009–2012 / 2013–2016", "Rio-Beirut project to link up sister cities' initiatives", "Перелік міст, з якими Києвом підписані документи про поріднення, дружбу, співробітництво, партнерство", "Liverpool China Sister City Partnerships", "La Déclaration de Nice signée par la Ville de Rio de Janeiro", "Geminação entre cidades de Olhão e Rio de Janeiro vai avançar", "Samarkand and Gyeongju become sister cities", "Lei 1383/89 – Lei nº 1383 de 10 de maio de 1989", Rio de Janeiro Photo Gallery – Year of Brazil, Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea UNESCO property on google arts and culture, Category:Buildings and structures in Rio de Janeiro (city), Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Category:Transport in Rio de Janeiro (city), Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport, Category:People from Rio de Janeiro (city),, Populated coastal places in Rio de Janeiro (state), 1565 establishments in the Portuguese Empire, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Articles with dead external links from May 2017, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from February 2016, Articles with dead external links from October 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with trivia sections from May 2019, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. For many years Rio was the second largest industrial hub of Brazil,[111] with oil refineries, shipbuilding industries, steel, metallurgy, petrochemicals, cement, pharmaceutical, textile, processed foods and furniture industries. However, it is clear that Rio de Janeiro has fallen behind even faster growing Sao Paulo, which has become one of the world's 10 largest urban areas (with a population of approximately 20.5 million in 2013). [160] Rio made their first bid for the 1936 Summer Olympics, but lost to Berlin. London: Routledge, 2002. Things to Do in Rio de Janeiro ; Favela Santa Marta Tour; Search. Rio de Janeiro is on the far western part of a strip of Brazil's Atlantic coast (between a strait east to Ilha Grande, on the Costa Verde, and the Cabo Frio), close to the Tropic of Capricorn, where the shoreline is oriented east–west. [25] Passos also named Dr. Oswaldo Cruz as Director General of Public Health. On the top of its summit is a huge rock formation (some, such as Erich von Däniken in his 1973 book, In Search of Ancient Gods, claim it to be a sculpture) resembling a sphinx-like, bearded head that is visible for many kilometres around. [127], The Portuguese language is the official and national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, has more favelas (1,020) in sheer numbers, but proportionally has fewer people living in favelas than Rio. In addition to the beaches, some of the most famous landmarks include the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf Mountain with its cable car; the Sambódromo (Sambadrome), a permanent grandstand-lined parade avenue which is used during Carnival; and Maracanã Stadium, one of the world's largest football stadiums. It is the fifth best in Latin America; the second best in Brazil, second only to the University of São Paulo; and the best in Latin America, according to the QS World University Rankings. [130][131], Some notable higher education institutions are Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ); Federal University of the Rio de Janeiro state (UNIRIO); Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ); Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ, often nicknamed Rural); Fluminense Federal University (UFF); Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio); Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV); Military Institute of Engineering (IME); Superior Institute of Technology in Computer Science of Rio de Janeiro (IST-Rio); College of Publicity and Marketing (ESPM); National Institute of Pure and Applied Mathematics (IMPA); Superior institute of Education of Rio de Janeiro (ISERJ) and Federal Center of Technological Education Celso Suckow da Fonseca (CEFET/RJ). "Rap, Reggae, Rock, or Samba: The Local and the Global in. Municipality. Luckily, expansive amounts of land make additional urban development strategies a possible option for this swelling city. [43] The city has had rare frosts in the past. Getting there. Relax in the Brazilian seaside paradise that is Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro, le 25 juillet. Rio de Janeiro has the following partner/friendship cities: Rio de Janeiro is a part of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities. By 2030, that number is projected to reach over 13.6 million citizens. [153], "Rock in Rio" is a music festival conceived by entrepreneur Roberto Medina for the first time in 1985, and since its creation, recognized as the largest music festival in the Latin world and the largest in the world, with 1.5 million people attending the first event, 700,000 attending the second and fourth, about 1.2 million attending the third, and about 350,000 people attending each of the 3 Lisbon events. It is considered good luck to shake the champagne bottle and spray around at midnight. This revolt marked the beginning of Tenentism, a movement that resulted in the Brazilian Revolution of 1930 that started the Vargas Era. In 1950, the Maracanã Stadium hosted 8 matches, including all but one of the host team's matches. In inland areas of the city, temperatures above 40 °C (104 °F) are common during the summer, though rarely for long periods, while maximum temperatures above 27 °C (81 °F) can occur on a monthly basis. Some areas within Rio de Janeiro state occasionally have falls of snow grains and ice pellets (popularly called granizo) and hail. Rio de Janeiro has the oldest operating electric tramway in Latin America,[183] now mainly used by tourists and less by daily commuters. [79] The census revealed the following numbers: 3,239,888 White people (51.2%), 2,318,675 Pardo (multiracial) people (36.5%), 708,148 Black people (11.5%), 45,913 Asian people (0.7%), 5,981 Amerindian people (0.1%). In 1555, one of the islands of Guanabara Bay, now called Villegagnon Island, was occupied by 500 French colonists under the French admiral Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon. Rio was home to the Portuguese Imperial family and capital of the country for many years, and was influenced by Portuguese, English, and French architecture. In the late 17th century, still during the Sugar Era, the Bandeirantes discovered gold and diamonds in the neighbouring captaincy of Minas Gerais, thus Rio de Janeiro became a much more practical port for exporting wealth (gold, precious stones, besides the sugar) than Salvador, Bahia, much farther northeast. Rio de Janeiro . Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. According to the people, the raise in the bus and subway fares are invalid, seeing that the amount charged is too high for the low quality of the services. Other important historical attractions in central Rio include its Passeio Público, an 18th-century public garden. 0. A professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, who specialises in water environmental issues, said that one of the largest risks was to sailors who were sprayed with water – not to mention if they capsized. Pereira Passos, who was named mayor in 1902, imposed reforms to modernize the city, demolishing the cortiços where most of the poor population lived. The summit can be reached via a two-stage cable car trip from Praia Vermelha, with the intermediate stop on Morro da Urca. By 2015, the population had swollen to 12.2 million, making it Brazil’s second largest city. Horse racing events are held Thursday nights and weekend afternoons at Hipódromo da Gávea. [73] The favelas resemble the slums of Paris, New York or other major cities in the 19th and early 20th centuries in the United States and Europe, or similar neighborhoods in present underdeveloped countries. Rio de Janeiro also became the first city in the southern hemisphere outside of Australia to host the games – Melbourne in 1956 and Sydney in 2000. La majeure partie de la population se concentre au sud-est du pays, dans les régions urbaines de Rio de Janeiro et São Paulo. Because of its geographic situation, the city is often reached by cold fronts advancing from Antarctica, especially during autumn and winter, causing frequent weather changes. English proficiency score. From the terrace there is a panoramic view of the zone. Rio de Janeiro state is one of the more urbanized and densely populated areas in Brazil, with the overwhelming majority of the population living in the city of Rio de Janeiro and other urban centres. Rio de Janeiro was the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics, making the city the first South American and Portuguese-speaking city to ever host the events, and the third time the Olympics were held in a Southern Hemisphere city. [8] Despite the high perception of crime, the city actually has a lower incidence of crime than most state capitals in Brazil.[9]. During this city’s early years, the main source of income for many settlers was sugar plantation and fishing. Trouvez l’adresse qui vous intéresse sur la carte Rio de Janeiro ou préparez un calcul d'itinéraire à partir de ou vers Rio de Janeiro, trouvez tous les sites touristiques et les restaurants du Guide Michelin dans ou à proximité de Rio de Janeiro. Brazil ended up losing 2–1 in front of a home crowd of more than 199,000. Rio de Janeiro is blessed with kilometers of golden coastline that foster the beach-centric lifestyle the city is so famed for. The literacy rate for cariocas aged 10 and older is nearly 95 percent, well above the national average. The Metro runs services from 05:00 am to 12:00 midnight, Monday to Saturday, and from 07:00 am to 11:00 pm Sundays and public holidays. 32% of public transit riders, ride for more than two hours every day. In 2003, over 91 thousand passengers moved through the Port of Rio Janeiro on 83 cruise vessels.[171]. Brazil was expected to enter the twenty-first century with an illiteracy rate of 16 percent despite massive efforts to educate the population. Today, it is home to more than 12 million people. Musées (national des Beaux-Arts, d'Art moderne, etc. Nov 21, 2012 - Rio de Janeiro, city and port, capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The song is considered the civic anthem of Rio, and is always the favourite song during Rio's Carnival in February. [136], Rio de Janeiro is a main cultural hub in Brazil. There are also international schools, such as the American School of Rio de Janeiro, Our Lady of Mercy School, SIS Swiss International School, the Corcovado German School, the Lycée Français and the British School of Rio de Janeiro. After the 1964 coup d'état that installed a military dictatorship, the city-state was the only state left in Brazil to oppose the military. The city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on 1 March 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honour of St. Sebastian, the saint who was the namesake and patron of the Portuguese then-monarch Sebastião. Rio de Janeiro city also ranks fifth among Brazilian state capital cities in the percentage of its population that is irreligious (13.3%), barely changing since 2000 (the first-ranked, Boa Vista, has 21.2% irreligious). It is located on the Atlantic coast in the south east of the country. ... way to spend a few hours learning about and having a first hand experience of the way a large portion of Brazil's population lives. The "pardos" for example thought of themselves as ⅓ European, ⅓ African and ⅓ Amerindian before the tests, and yet their ancestry on average reached 80% European. The most famous, Rio's granite mountain, the Sugar Loaf (Pão de Açúcar), is an example, with routes from the easy third grade (American 5.4, French 3) to the extremely difficult ninth grade (5.13/8b), up to 280 metres (919 feet). [115], Rio de Janeiro is (as of 2014[update]) the second largest exporting municipality in Brazil. In 2004, the Port of Rio de Janeiro handled over two million tons of containerized cargo in almost 171 thousand TEUs. Driving in Rio de Janeiro, as in most large cities of Brazil, might not be the best choice because of the large car fleet. According to the IBGE, it was approximately US$201 billion in 2008, equivalent to 5.1% of the national total. The Rio de Janeiro International Film Festival[138] has been held annually since 1999.[139]. Favela Santa Marta Tour. The kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, which, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. [114], Owing to the proximity of Rio's port facilities, many of Brazil's export-import companies are headquartered in the city. Today, it is home to more than 12 million people. In Brazil, most interstate transportation is done by road. Another type of local bus is called the "Frescão" (air-conditioned). Rio de Janeiro is one of Brazil's largest settlements with a population of approximately 6.7 million people. [19], From the colonial period until the first independent era, Rio de Janeiro was a city of slaves. There are significant disparities between the rich and the poor in Rio de Janeiro, and different socioeconomic groups are largely segregated into different neighborhoods. Many of the most important retail stores are located in the centre, but others are scattered throughout the commercial areas of the other districts, where shopping centres, supermarkets, and other retail businesses handle a large volume of consumer trade. The street and the nearby beach, famous tourist spots, are remarkable for their popularity in the LGBT community. These buses run several routes, the main being from Centro through Botafogo, Copacabana and Ipanema to Leblon (and vice versa), and from the International Airport to Barra, through the beach road. Sa composition sociale constitue, en effet, une synthèse du pays. City stats: Rio de Janeiro versus São Paulo Brazil’s two metropolises are centres of growth and wealth but their property markets are on different trajectories Share on Twitter (opens new window) Rio De Janeiro's 2020 population is now estimated at 13,458,075. A part of them joined the Portuguese and the other the French. This region is home to the Maracanã stadium (located in Grande Tijuca), once the world's highest capacity football venue, able to hold nearly 199,000 people, as it did for the World Cup final of 1950. Carte Rio de Janeiro - Carte et plan détaillé Rio de Janeiro Vous recherchez la carte ou le plan Rio de Janeiro et de ses environs ? The highest peak of the city of Rio de Janeiro is the Pedra Branca Peak (Pico da Pedra Branca) inside the Pedra Branca State Park. Oil and natural gas from fields off the northern coast of Rio de Janeiro state are a major asset used for developing manufacturing activities in Rio's metropolitan area, enabling it to compete with other major cities for new investment in industry. Cruz's plans to clean the city of diseases included compulsory vaccination of the entire population and forced entry into houses to kill mosquitos and rats. 186,013. 10 Other Attractions within 0.3 miles. During the gold and diamond rush of the 18th century, the city’s population swelled when people heard of the discovery of the valuable commodities which were available in the neighboring town of Minas Gerais. [157], As in the rest of Brazil, association football is the most popular sport. On 2 October 2009, the International Olympic Committee announced that Rio de Janeiro would host the 2016 Olympic Games and the 2016 Paralympic Games, beating competitors Chicago, Tokyo, and Madrid. [184] It was designated a national historic monument in 1985.[185]:111. It is the national center for oil, mining and telecommunications, but the major economic base is in tourism and entertainment industries. On 21 April of that year, the capital of Brazil was officially moved to Brasília. Along the coast, the breeze, blowing onshore and offshore, moderates the temperature. Street cinemas and cultural buildings also appeared. As with many of Rio de Janeiro's cultural monuments, the library was originally off-limits to the general public. A war was waged to expel the French from the land and to claim the property as theirs, in accordance with the Treaty of Tordesillas. 4 ch . The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Rio is the first Brazilian and South American city to host the Summer Olympics. Ces dernières années, certaines favelas de Rio de Janeiro ont connu de profondes transformations. [36] In addition the Flamengo Park is the largest landfill in the city, extending from the center to the south zone, and containing museums and monuments, in addition to much vegetation. Private Tours, Walking Tours. Major streets include Avenida Rio Branco and Avenida Vargas, both constructed, in 1906 and 1942 respectively, by destroying large swaths of the colonial city. Unlike Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte did not permit shopping malls, churches, and parks to reopen, but even so, within a month cases jumped from 1,852 to 4,942, and the death toll went from 49 … In the sports field, Rio de Janeiro was the host of the 2007 Pan American Games and the 2014 FIFA World Cup Final. The Maracanã was also the location of the infamous tournament-deciding match between Uruguay and Brazil, where Brazil only needed a draw to win the final group stage and the whole tournament. Although cheap and frequent, Rio's transportation policy has been moving towards trains and subway in order to reduce surface congestion and increase carrier capacity. Population: 5,600,000 Area: 1,255 sq km (485 sq mi) Ethnic composition: African, White, Portuguese, Spanish, and Italian Nicknames: Rio de Janeiro is Portuguese for "river of January." As a result, temperatures over 40 °C (104 °F), that may happen about year-round but are much more common during the summer, often mean the actual temperature feeling is over 50 °C (122 °F), when there is little wind and the relative humidity percentage is high.[58][59][60][61]. However, the Bangu Football Club was not formally created until 1904. It was satirized by the novelist Jorge Amado in Pen, Sword, Camisole. Sites of interest include the Paço Imperial, built during colonial times to serve as a residence for the Portuguese governors of Brazil; many historic churches, such as the Candelária Church (the former cathedral), São Jose, Santa Lucia, Nossa Senhora do Carmo, Santa Rita, São Francisco de Paula, and the monasteries of Santo Antônio and São Bento. Per capita GDP is US$11,786. Brazilians with at least one Portuguese parent, Portuguese immigrants and their descendants, Rio de Janeiro appears in the driving game, Rio de Janeiro was featured in the racing game, Rio de Janeiro appears as a playable map in, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 07:34. As years passed, adorned floats and costumed revelers became a tradition among the celebrants. Rio de Janeiro also hosted the MotoGP Brazilian Grand Prix from 1995 to 2004 and the Champ Car event from 1996 to 1999. The collection contains 48,236 items. On 27 January 1763,[15] the colonial administration in Portuguese America was moved from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro. According to national census data, from 1980 to 1990, the overall growth rate of Rio de Janeiro dropped by 8 percent, but the favela population increased by 41 percent. ", "Bangu Athletic Club History [Portuguese]", "As reformas do Rio de Janeiro no início do século XX", "Reforma Urbanística de Pereira Passos, o Rio com cara de Paris", "Revolta da Vacina: Oswaldo Cruz e Pereira Passos tentam sanear Rio", "Drugs and violence in Rio: The bottom line", Juscelino Kubitschek and the city of Rio de Janeiro, "Em 15 de março de 1975, Guanabara e Rio se transformaram num único estado", Rio de Janeiro – Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts, "Estudo revela poluição elevada em seis capitais", "Lagoa de Marapendi sofre com poluição da água", "Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas estará despoluída até 2014, diz secretário", "For rowers in Rio's Olympic water, it's all about avoiding the splash", "Hail falls in Rio de Janeiro's West Zone and Baixada Fluminense", "Chuvinha de granizo - Nova Iguaçu 18-2-2013", "As hail falls, Rio enters a warning interval", "Brazil drought crisis leads to rationing and tensions", "Brazil's worst drought in history prompts protests and blackouts", "Paraíba do Sul River might not have enough water to rescue São Paulo's Sistema Cantareira", "Tornado is responsible for havoc in Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro", "Tornado is responsible for havoc in Nova Iguaçu", Storm with winds above 90 km/h (56 mph) kill one in Rio, "Bangu windstorm, inside the city of Rio, achieved near-cyclone speed", "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)", "Com sensação térmica de 48°C, cariocas se refugiram do calor nas praias", "Sensação térmica no Rio de Janeiro chega a 50°C nesta terça-feira", "Sensação térmica no Rio ultrapassa os 50 graus", "Sensação térmica no Rio chega aos 51 graus, diz pesquisa do Inpe", "Máximo Absoluto de Precipitação Acumulada (mm)", "Temperatura desta quarta no Rio é recorde histórico, diz Inmet", "Record lowest temperature since 7.3 °C (45.1 °F) in 2000", "Número de Dias com Precipitação Maior ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)", "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)", "[PDF] Trail Guide of Pedra Branca State", "Bispo do Rosário Museum, the contemporary museum of Colônia", "SIDERÚRGICA DO ATLÂNTICO VAI GERAR 18 MIL EMPREGOS NA ZONA OESTE", "Topo do blog Quais serão os novos ares cariocas? The metro population of Rio de Janeiro is much larger, however, with an estimated 12 million residents in 2016. Until early in the 18th century, the city was threatened or invaded by several mostly French pirates and buccaneers, such as Jean-François Duclerc and René Duguay-Trouin.[14]. [120][121] Rio also had the most expensive hotel rates in Brazil, and the daily rate of its five star hotels were the second most expensive in the world after only New York. [180] The system may be relatively safe by day but less so at night. On 6 February 1889 the Bangu Textile Factory was founded, with the name of Industrial Progress Company of Brazil (Companhia Progresso Industrial do Brasil). One of the most famous hills in the city is the 842-metre-high (2,762-foot) Pedra da Gávea (Crow's nest Rock) bordering the South Zone. The city is home to more civilians than its neighboring suburban communities and continues its growth even today. Annually, Rio exported a total of $7.49B (USD) worth of goods. Another sport that is highly popular in beaches of Rio is called "Frescobol" (pronounced [fɾe̞ɕko̞ˈbɔw]), a type of beach tennis. The city's centre of gravity began to shift south and west to the so-called Zona Sul (South Zone) in the early part of the 20th century, when the first tunnel was built under the mountains between Botafogo and the neighbourhood that is now known as Copacabana. Rio de Janeiro Population Review. Créer une recherche. Survolez la ville de Rio de Janeiro à bord d'un deltaplane au cours de cette aventure de 4 heures. In summer there can be strong rains, which have, on some occasions, provoked catastrophic floods and landslides. Accompagné d'un instructeur certifié, lancez-vous depuis le parc national de la forêt de Tijuca et glissez sur la luxuriante et verdoyante Mata Atlantica (forêt atlantique). Annual international airport arrivals dropped from 621,000 to 378,000 and average hotel occupancy dropped to 50% between 1985 and 1993. During the early 18th century, diamond and gold mining enticed European settlers to migrate into the city, bringing the population up to a whopping 24,000 by 1749. One of the most popular sea sports in the city is yachting. They come in both non-air conditioned (R$3.80)[179] and air conditioned versions (R$3–R$5.40). The Ginásio do Maracanãzinho was the host arena for the official FIBA Basketball World Championship for its 1954 and 1963 editions. Although its waters renew when they reach the sea, the bay is the final receiver of all the tributaries generated along its banks and in the basins of the many rivers and streams that flow into it. People of Portuguese ancestry predominate in most of the state. The Ministry of Education has certified approximately 99 upper-learning institutions in Rio. Nowadays, the palace hosts the National Museum, specialising in Natural History, Archaeology, and Ethnology. 189,310. There have been a number of government initiatives to counter this problem, from the removal of the population from favelas to housing projects such as Cidade de Deus to the more recent approach of improving conditions in the favelas and bringing them up to par with the rest of the city, as was the focus of the "Favela Bairro" program and deployment of Pacifying Police Units. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. In 2004, the Port of Rio de Janeiro handled over seven million tons of cargo on almost 1700 vessels. The city became the first South American city to host the event and the second Latin American city (after Mexico City in 1968) to host the Games. [50][51] The World Meteorological Organization has advised that Brazil, especially its southeastern region, must be prepared for increasingly severe weather occurrences in the near future, since events such as the catastrophic January 2011 Rio de Janeiro floods and mudslides are not an isolated phenomenon. However, what most of us are not aware of is the huge pollution problem the city faces. [106], Greater Rio de Janeiro, as perceived by the IBGE, has a GDP of US$187 billion, constituting the second largest hub of national wealth. Bien que controversé, le programme de pacification – descentes de police contre les trafiquants de drogue et installation d’unités de police pacificatrices (UPP) – a globalement été une réussite. [83] After independence from Portugal, Rio de Janeiro became a destination for hundreds of thousands of immigrants from Portugal, mainly in the early 20th century. The Rio de Janeiro State Department of Health (SES) reported a significant drop in dengue fever cases in 2020, to some surprise. 150 Annonce(s) Trier par. Hang gliding is a popular activity on the Pedra Bonita (literally, "Beautiful Rock"). 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The Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, according to 2009 research from Fundação Getúlio Vargas (known as Novo Mapa das Religiões), is mostly Catholic (51.1%). 177 Restaurants within 0.3 miles. Famous players born in the city include Ronaldo and Romário. The port is managed by Companhia Docas de Rio de Janeiro. Construction of the Theatro Municipal began in 1905 following designs of the architect Francisco Pereira Passos. Recent decades have seen a sharp transformation in its economic profile, which is becoming more and more one of a major national hub of services and businesses. The city proper covers a total surface area of 1,221 km2 (486.5 sq mi), while the metro region expands out to 4,539.8 km2 (1,759.6 sq mi). The line was restored to its full pre-2011 length of 6 km (4 mi) in January 2019.[191]. Botafogo Rio De Janeiro Metro 5 min. In 2014, the Maracanã hosted seven matches, including the final, where Germany beat Argentina 1–0. Rio is one of the most visited cities in the southern hemisphere, home to many famous landmarks such as the statue of Christ the Redeemer on the Corcovado mountain, which was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. The first notable work of realism focusing on the urban lower-middle class is Manuel Antônio de Almeida's Memórias de um sargento de milícias (1854), which presents a series of picaresque but touching scenes, and evokes the transformation of a town into a city with suggestive nostalgia. As most of us are aware, Rio de Janeiro was the host city for the recent 2016 Olympic games. [11] The Maracanã Stadium held the finals of the 1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, and the XV Pan American Games. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. It was a five-a-side match between British workers, and took place six months before the first game organized by Charles Miller in São Paulo. It offers views of the city second only to Corcovado mountain. The tradition of Carnaval parades was probably influenced by the French or German courts and the custom was brought by the Portuguese or Brazilian Imperial families who had Bourbon and Austrian ancestors. [145] Located in Cinelândia, the National Library was originally created by the King of Portugal, in 1810. Rio De Janeiro has grown by 517,279 since 2015, which represents a 0.79% annual change. Rio is the second-most populated municipality in Brazil, after Sao Paulo. "The Localization of Global Funk in Bahia and Rio." As romantic visions of sipping on cold caipirinhas in beachside bars come to mind, here are the top venues worth checking out to make those seaside cocktails a reality. Rio de Janeiro City is home to more than 6 million people, accounting for about 35% of the population of Rio de Janeiro State. Pertinence; Date; Prix de vente (décroissant) Prix de vente (croissant) Surface; Sauvegarder la recherche. The ferryboat to Paquetá leaves every hour, from early in the morning until around midnight. People with African roots are often referred to as Afro-Brazilians among the scholarly community specializing in anthropology outside of Brazil. [125], Rio de Janeiro's government has since undertaken to modernise the city's economy, reduce its chronic social inequalities, and improve its commercial standing as part of an initiative for the regeneration of the tourism industry. [23], At the time Brazil's Old Republic was established, the city lacked urban planning and sanitation, which helped spread several diseases, such as yellow fever, dysentery, variola, tuberculosis and even black death. From São Paulo: take the BR-116 (Presidente Dutra Federal Highway) or the BR-101 (Rio-Santos Federal Highway). Nonetheless, as an urban area with a 2013 population of 11.6 million (Figure 1) Rio de Janeiro still ranks among the world's megacities (urban areas over 10 million). The headquarters of the Brazilian Academy of Letters is based in Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil (after São Paulo) and has a rapidly expanding population and rapidly growing area due to rapid urbanization. Avec près de 100 000 habitants, la favela Rocinha est la plus grande de la ville et un des quartiers les plus défavorisés. [31], The centre (Centro), the core of Rio, lies on the plains of the western shore of Guanabara Bay. Photograph by Mike Theiss, Nat Geo Image Collection. [102] More than 1,500,000 people live in its 763 favelas, 22% of Rio's total population. Rio has roads to all neighbour States. The neighbourhood of Copacabana beach hosts one of the world's most spectacular New Year's Eve parties ("Reveillon"), as more than two million revelers crowd onto the sands to watch the fireworks display. [124], The fact that Brasília replaced Rio de Janeiro as the Brazilian capital in 1960 and that São Paulo replaced Rio as the country's commercial, financial and main cultural center during the mid-20th century, has also been cited as a leading cause of the decline. [19] In order to separate the province from the capital of the Empire, the city was converted, in the year of 1834, in Neutral Municipality, passing the province of Rio de Janeiro to have Niterói as capital.[19]. The large West Zone (Zona Oeste), long cut off by the mountainous terrain, had been made more easily accessible to those on the South Zone by new roads and tunnels by the end of the 20th century.[32]. [38], The Marapendi lagoon and the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon have suffered with the leniency of the authorities and the growth in the number of apartment buildings close by. [117] Material categories of mineral products (42%) and metals (29%) make up 71% of all exports from Rio. Those games were awarded to Athens and London respectively.[161]. The project will host the Brazilian Symphony Orchestra becoming a main center for music as will be the largest modern concert hall in South America, with 1,780 seats. There are also two port facilities for cargo and passenger ships (Rio de Janeiro and Sepetiba port). Common spoken languages. There are several ferry services that operate between the Rio Centro (Praça XV) and Niterói (Centro and Charitas). Nonetheless, as an urban area with a 2013 population of 11.6 million (Figure 1) Rio de Janeiro still ranks among the world's megacities (urban areas over 10 million). This strong demographic increase was not accompanied by the sort of urban planning that would have enabled Rio to meet its new housing, services, and infrastructure needs. It is the second largest city in Brazil with a population defined by a long history of international immigration. There are also a small number of schools under federal administration, as is the case of Pedro II School, Colégio de Aplicação da UFRJ and the Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica of Rio de Janeiro (CEFET-RJ). After a short flight, gliders land on the Praia do Pepino (Pepino, or "cucumber", Beach) in São Conrado. There was a large influx of African slaves to Rio de Janeiro: in 1819, there were 145,000 slaves in the captaincy. Chilled champagne adds to the spirit of the festivities. Other districts in the South Zone are Glória, Catete, Flamengo, Botafogo, and Urca, which border Guanabara Bay, and Santa Teresa, Cosme Velho, Laranjeiras, Humaitá, Lagoa, Jardim Botânico, and Gávea. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. expedition. [159], On 2 October 2009, the International Olympic Committee selected Rio de Janeiro to host the 2016 Summer Olympics. 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