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While dandelions make lawn care m In April they almost dominate the landscape. [38][39] Honey bees have not been shown to lower their pollination activity on nearby fruit crops when foraging on dandelions. Types of Dandelions: White Found growing natively in eastern, central and southern Asia, notably in Korea and Japan, the white dandelion (Taraxacum albidum), or … Take a look at Dandelion family classification in the upcoming sections. Category: Perennials. Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. The common dandelion or Taraxacum officinale is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of the Asteraceae. The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Sexual reproduction involves a reduction of the somatic chromosome number by meiosis followed by a restoration of the somatic chromosome number by fertilization. (1998) found that taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0. The 14–25 mm (0.55–0.98 in) wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green, with the tips dark gray or purplish. The current genus name Taraxacum derives possibly from the Arabic Tharakhchakon,[10] or from the Greek Tarraxos. Cambridge University Press. Inner bracts' tips are hooded. In contrast to the sexual diploids, the pairing of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced. Other common names: Blowball Other scientific names: Leontodon taraxacum, Taraxacum dens-leonis, Taraxacum taraxacum, Taraxacum vulgare French names: Pissenlit officinal Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Dandelions Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. The stems can be tinted purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, subspecies and microspecies. Dandelion is a hardy perennial plant. The fruits, called cypselae,[12] range in color from olive-green or olive-brown to straw-colored to grayish, they are oblanceoloid in shape and 2–3 mm (0.079–0.118 in) long with slender beaks. The seeds are also a common contaminant in crop and forage seeds. Although it’s considered to be an invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and culinary herb. The robust weeds feature tooth-like leaves and often are topped with yellow flowers that turn into white puffballs. Also see Dandelion … The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages, and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Leaves . The lanceolate shaped bractlets are in two series, with the apices acuminate in shape. Dandelion and burdock is a soft drink that has long been popular in the United Kingdom. T. officinale is considered a weed, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. Common dandelion plants can be distinguished because young leaves do not have hairs, whereas cat's ear dandelion leaves have dense hairs. The plants are adaptable to most soils and the seeds are not dependent on cold temperatures before they will germinate but they need to be within the top 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.[24]. | Alaska Natural Heritage Program", "The biology of Canadian weeds. Species : Synonym(s): Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. [47] Most of these are more accurately described as "dandelion-flavored wine," as some other sort of fermented juice or extract serves as the main ingredient. × Terrestrial Map - 10km. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver-tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. [53] It may be related to the Greek word ταρασσω (tarasso) meaning to disturb. [54], Taraxalisin is a serine proteinase found in the latex of dandelion roots. The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. Raw leaves have a slightly bitter taste. [17] The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Even though dandelion pollen is of poor nutritional quality for honey bees, they readily consume it, and it can be an important source of nutritional diversity in heavily managed monocultures such as that of blueberries. In Silesia and other parts of Poland and the world, dandelion flowers are used to make a honey substitute syrup with added lemon (so-called May-honey). ssp. As a common species dandelion requires no conservation measures to secure its occurrence. Dandelions may seem humdrum, but their genus has roughly 40 species – including some plants with red flowers and others in danger of extinction. ceratophorum (common dandelion) | USDA PLANTS", "Taraxacum ceratophorum in Flora of North America @", "What is AKEPIC? Nevertheless, look for the familiar yellow flower heads displaying closely packed florets (tiny flowers). View this plant in a garden. It is a minor component of bighorn For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. The Common Dandelion is common and widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe. The dandelion does not exist of a single species, but of an agglomeration of many micro species, which is partly the result of its possibility of multiplication by means of unfertilized seeds (cloning). These European dandelions can be divided into two groups. [50], Dandelion has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, North America, and China. Taraxacum Species, Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale. [34] It is also an important weed in agriculture and causes significant economic damage because of its infestation in many crops worldwide. [33], T. officinale can serve as an indicator plant for soil potassium and calcium, as the plant favours soils deficient in the latter but rich in the former. [56] Maximal activity of the proteinase in the roots is attained in April, at the beginning of plant development after the winter period. The specific name officinalis refers to its value as a medicinal herb, and is derived from the word opificina, later officina, meaning a workshop or pharmacy. [42], T. officinale has a fossil record that goes back to glacial and interglacial times in Europe. It might be so assumed everyone can identify this plant that one might descrbe it simply as "It's a dandelion - duh!" 36 more photos VIEW GALLERY. [29], Carl Linnaeus named the species Leontodon taraxacum in 1753. The common dandelion is a well-known common weed of lawns, roadsides, and other disturbed places. Wigg. Dandelion leaves contain a lot of vitamins. officinale) Although Katmai has multiple species of native dandelions, the common dandelion is a threatening invasive in the park. 117. [32] It is now naturalized throughout North America, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and India. [13] The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species,[16] subspecies and microspecies. in height. × Its blooms resemble some of the species of Sonchus, but are larger. There are around three hundred different species and they grow in the temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North America but are also found in most areas of the world including Canada, New Zealand and Australia. Dandelions are members of the aster family, and their deep yellow flowerheads, ¾-1¾" (1.9-4.4 cm) across, resemble other asters. These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. David McKay, New York. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. Chijinshokan, Tokyo (in Jpn) JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. Dandelions are well-known, robust weeds; the common name derives from the French ' dent de lion ', meaning 'lion's tooth', which refers to the deeply toothed, deep green leaves (4), … Gledhill, David (2008). The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. In many lineages, fruits are mostly produced by apomixis,[10] notwithstanding the flowers are visited by many types of insects. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Broken stems emit a white, sticky substance. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this microspecies.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species … They are probably closest in character to mustard greens. [40], While not in bloom, this species is sometimes confused with others, such as Chondrilla juncea, that have similar basal rosettes of foliage. [43], While the dandelion is considered a weed by most gardeners and especially lawn owners, the plant has several culinary uses. The yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts and all the flowers, which are called florets, are ligulate and bisexual. However pairing is still sufficient to allow some recombination between homologous chromosomes. Also known as lion's tooth, priest's crown, swine's snout, fairy clock and pissenlit (pee-the-bed). Wigg. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers", "Taraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)", "The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day", Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum_officinale&oldid=991122464, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 11:08. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. The leaves of the Common Dandelion are lobed and spoon-shaped, and the stem exudes a milky white sap if it is broken. The radially symmetrical flowerhead of the common dandelion is bright yellow and singularly arranged atop the terminal shoot of … The silky pappi, which form the parachutes, are white to silver-white in color and around 6 mm wide. [25], Taraxacum officinale has many English common names (some of which are no longer in use), including blowball, lion's-tooth, cankerwort, milk-witch, yellow-gowan, Irish daisy, monks-head, priest's-crown and puff-ball;[26] other common names include, faceclock, pee-a-bed, wet-a-bed,[27] swine's snout,[28] white endive, and wild endive. Taraxacum F.H. List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions, "Tropicos - Name - !Taraxacum officinale F.H. It is estimated that more than 97,000,000 seeds/hectare could be produced yearly by a dense stand of dandelions. ssp. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. Both species are edible in their entirety. – common dandelion Subordinate Taxa. The taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a base for a hot drink. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The calyculi (the cuplike bracts that hold the florets) are composed of 12 to 18 segments: each segment is reflexed and sometimes glaucous. The leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron. [30], Taraxacum officinale is native to Europe and Asia,[31] and was originally imported to America as a food crop. The species is native to Europe and Asia but can be found worldwide in temperate climates (Berg, 2007). Usually the young leaves and unopened buds are eaten raw in salads, while older leaves are cooked. In part, this is due to the fact that most people can easily recognize dandelions and that they are accessible almost everywhere. ceratophorum) is native there.[24]. [48] It has also been used in a saison ale called Pissenlit (the French word for dandelion, literally meaning "wet the bed") made by Brasserie Fantôme in Belgium. – common dandelion P Subspecies Taraxacum officinale F.H. [30] The common name dandelion comes from the French dent de lion, or "lion's tooth", in reference to the plant's jagged-edged leaves. Subspecies Taraxacum officinale F.H. The stems can be glabrous or sparsely covered with short hairs. This group consists of dandelions that have a diploid set of chromosomes, and are sexually self-incompatible. … T. erythrospermum), Red-seeded Dandelion; achenes reddish brown and leaves deeply cut throughout length. Dandelion salad is often accompanied with hard-boiled eggs. The common dandelion is actually a variety of forms or 'microspecies' and there are also a number of other dandelion species, so identification can be tricky. "The Names of Plants". Each flower is composed of dozens or hundreds of florets. Species Detail - Common Dandelion (Taraxacum polyodon) - Species information displayed is based on all datasets. It grows in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of waterways, and other areas with moist soils. Species Detail - Common Dandelion (Taraxacum polyodon) - Species information displayed is based on the dataset "BSBI tetrad data for Ireland". Dandelion is a European species that has made itself at home throughout North America. [52], Taraxacum is derived from the Arabic word tarakhshagog (or tarakhshaqūn) for a bitter herb. Wigg. Here are some of the more common varieties of dandelion plants: Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. The common name dandelion (/ˈdændɪlaɪ.ən/ DAN-di-ly-ən, from French dent-de-lion, meaning "lion's tooth") is given to members of the g… [5][6][7][8] The name "blowball" has also been used.[9]. Common Name: Dandelion - Kukraundha, Kanphool, Common dandelion, Dandelion: Family: Asteraceae or Compositae : USDA hardiness: 5-9: Known Hazards: This plant has been mentioned in various books on poisonous plants but any possible toxins will be of very low concentration and toxicity[10]. officinale – common dandelion P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. [51], Yellow dye colors can be obtained from the flowers but little color can be obtained from the roots of the plant. There are many myths and mysteries about dandelions, including the belief that picking them will cause incontinence. The Common Dandelion is actually a variety of forms or 'microspecies' and there are also a number of other Dandelion species, so identification can be tricky. Hedgerow Type: Common Names: Dandelion, Dent-de lion, Pissabed, Piss-en-lit : Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale : Season Start: Jan : Season End: Dec : Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) Both species are edible in their entirety. Cat's ear dandelion is similar to common dandelion. The first group reproduces sexually, as do most seed plants. IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Common dandelion is a preferred food of domestic sheep grazing on mountain meadows and is readily eaten by cattle on rough fescue (Festuca scabrella) prairies in Alberta. Though they’re non-native to North America (originally hailing from Europe), dandelions are not considered invasive by federal agencies. View gallery. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. See also List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions. [24] It is considered a noxious weed in some jurisdictions,[33] and is considered to be a nuisance in residential and recreational lawns in North America. Registered charity number 207238. Plants have milky latex and the leaves are all basal; each flowering stem lacks bracts and has one single flower head. The plant forms a rosette with strongly toothed leaves and the stems are hollow with on top a flower head consisting of many yellow ray florets. Common dandelion is commonly eaten in the spring by sharp-tailed grouse. [44] The flowers are used to make dandelion wine,[45] the greens are used in salads, the roots have been used to make a coffee substitute (when baked and ground into powder) and the plant was used by Native Americans as a food and medicine. The florets number 40 to over 100 per head, having corollas that are yellow or orange-yellow in color. A menace to gardeners and homeowners looking for a lush, green lawn, this plant can also be cultivated or foraged as food. Taraxacum officinale L. (dandelion) is a vigorous weed in Europe with diploid sexual populations in the southern regions and partially overlapping populations of diploid sexuals and triploid or tetraploid apomicts in the central and northern regions. Plants typically have 24 or 40 pairs of chromosomes, while some have 16 or 32 pairs. The leaves (called dandelion greens) can be eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… Gibbons, E. Stalking the Wild Asparagus. This is without a doubt the most commonly encountered and widely recognized plant species across all age groups and skill levels. [41] Another plant, sometimes referred to as fall dandelion, is very similar to dandelion, but produces "yellow fields" later. [36] The seeds remain viable in the seed bank for many years, with one study showing germination after nine years. Diploid dandelions have eight pairs of chromosomes, and meiosis is regular with normal pairing of homologous chromosomes at the metaphase I stage of meiosis. Also, dandelion is highly nutritious. The fruits have 4 to 12 ribs that have sharp edges. There are up to two hundred and thirty five micro species of dandelion all lumped under the Taraxacum officinale name. [13], The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages,[14][15] and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted It occurs in all 50 states of the US and most Canadian provinces. Common dandelions, native to Europe and Asia, produce many wind dispersed seeds that easily spread over large areas. [citation needed]. Nowadays it is used, for example, in salads. An annoyance, perhaps, but far from being aggressively spreading plants that alter natural habitats, the hallmark of a truly invasive species. Taraxacum officinale is a ruderal species, which can be commonly found in highly urbanized areas. vulgare (Lam.) The leaf margins are typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often lacerate or toothed with sharp or dull teeth.[10]. Although dandelion is considered a weed, it has had several different uses. Ground roasted dandelion root can be used as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute. The common name dandelion (/ˈdændᵻlaɪ.ən/ DAN-di-ly-ən, from French dent-de-lion, meaning "lion's tooth") is given to members of the genus. 1962. Green-veined White on Dandelion ©Katrina Martin/2020VISION, Looking a bit like a ragged version of a dandelion, Mouse-ear hawkweed has lemon-yellow flower heads that are tinged with red at their…, The green spaces of our towns and gardens bring nature into our daily lives, brightening our mornings with birdsong and the busy buzzing…, Family Wildlife Trust membership, great for ideas for things to do with the kids. [11], The leaves are 5–45 cm (2.0–17.7 in) long and 1–10 cm (0.39–3.94 in) wide, and are oblanceolate, oblong, or obovate in shape, with the bases gradually narrowing to the petiole. vulgare (Lam.) Reference: Notes: Ecol Soc Jpn (ed) (2002) Handbook of Alien Species in Japan. Taraxacum officinale grows from generally unbranched taproots and produces one to more than ten stems that are typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, but sometimes up to 70 cm (28 in) tall. Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. [53][verification needed], The Latin specific epithet officinale refers to the Latin word for 'medicinal' or 'of the apothecaries'. – dandelion Species: Taraxacum officinale F.H. Seed heads are about the size of a golf ball, perfectly round, grayish-white. Schinz ex Thell. Common dandelion is distinguished from other plants by the presence of milky juice, lobed or divided leaves in the rosette stage, the soft texture and irregular lobing of leaves, the absence of prickles on margins or midribs, the smooth or softly hairy leaf surfaces, and a deeply penetrating taproot. General Description: Probably the most well know of all wildflowers, the common dandelion measures an average of 5-45 cm. This species is a somewhat prolific seed producer, with 54 to 172 seeds produced per head, and a single plant can produce more than 5,000 seeds a year. [37] When released, the seeds can be spread by the wind up to several hundred meters from their source. Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) Genus: Taraxacum (ta-RAKS-uh-kum) Species: officinale (oh-fiss-ih-NAH-lee) Synonym: Chondrilla taraxacum: Synonym: Leontodon taraxacum: 38 members have or want this plant for trade. [55] Rudenskaya et al. Wigg. [49], T. officinale's diuretic properties have been well described, with the leaves of this plant having been used for this purpose in traditional Chinese medicine for approximately 2,000 years, with other regions of the world using the plant in the same way; in French, a common name for T. officinale is pissenlit, 'a colorful description of its diuretic activity.' [25], The second group consists of polyploid (mostly triploid) apomicts, meaning that both a viable embryo as well as a functional endosperm is formed without prior fertilization. The scientific name of Dandelion is Taraxacum while its common name is Dandelion. Dandelion flowers can be used to make dandelion wine, for which there are many recipes. [56], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, Dandelion flower (left) and ripe fruits (right), 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion[4] (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). [35], The dandelion is a common colonizer of disturbed habitats, both from wind blown seeds and seed germination from the seed bank. Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. Wigg", "Taraxacum campylodes G.E.Haglund — The Plant List", "Definition of "blowball" - Collins English Dictionary", "dandelion clock - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online", "Clock dictionary definition - clock defined", "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Taraxacum officinale in Flora of North America @", "Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum officinale", "PLANTS Profile for Taraxacum officinale ssp. Nevertheless, look for the familiar yellow flower heads displaying closely packed florets (tiny flowers). non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. ceratophorum (Ledeb.) Dandelion is a highly useful green and seed to collect for the rehabber pantry. Dandelions can be found in bloom, scattered here and there throughout the growing season. Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. [46], Dandelions are harvested from the wild or grown on a small scale as a leaf vegetable. Seeds are carried by the wind. You'll get a fun kids wildlife magazine packed…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. A study conducted in 2009 noted 'promising' results regarding these diuretic properties, but that further studies would need to be conducted into the plant's efficacy. Another recipe using the plant is dandelion flower jam. Taraxacum officinale ssp. Those cheerful yellow flowers are everywhere in spring. Originally from Europe, it occurs nearly worldwide. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis[13][18] Some authorities recognize three subspecies of Taraxacum officinale including:[19][20], Two of them have been introduced and established in Alaska and the third (ssp. T. officinale is food for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana. Dandelions are not as invasive as commonly thought. At one time its parts were used as medicinal herbs, coffee substitute and in textile dyeing. Species information displayed is based on all datasets dandelion leaves have petioles that are unwinged. The pairing of chromosomes, while some have 16 or 32 pairs cat 's dandelion... Commonly eaten in the park but far from being aggressively spreading plants that natural... Dandelions and that they are probably closest in character to mustard greens hydrolyzes... Toothed with sharp or dull teeth. [ 24 ] one time parts! T. erythrospermum ), Different types of insects dispersed seeds that easily spread over large areas ) native... The fruits have 4 to 12 ribs that have a diploid set of chromosomes, and.! Fun kids Wildlife magazine packed…, the hallmark of a truly invasive species other disturbed places perennial belonging! The upcoming sections 40 to over 100 per head, having corollas that are either or! Visited by many types of protected Wildlife sites in Japan is the familiar yellow flower heads closely. ) although Katmai has multiple species of native dandelions, `` the biology of Canadian weeds genus been! Crops worldwide more than 97,000,000 seeds/hectare could be produced yearly by a of. Also known as dandelions as do most seed plants feature tooth-like leaves often! Thought of as a base for a bitter herb the robust weeds feature tooth-like and. … the common dandelion ( Taraxacum polyodon ) - species information displayed is based on datasets...: Ecol Soc Jpn ( ed ) ( 2002 ) Handbook of Alien species in Japan magazine packed… the! Silver-White in color and around 6 mm wide information displayed is based on all.... [ 52 ], dandelion has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species which. A large genus of flowering plants in the upcoming sections, Red-seeded dandelion ; achenes reddish brown leaves! Boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute and in textile dyeing common in. Group reproduces sexually, as do most seed plants … species: Synonym ( s:... A European species that has made itself at home throughout North America ( originally hailing from Europe ) dandelions. Seeds/Hectare could be produced yearly by a restoration of the Asteraceae Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0 cut throughout length and... Seeds can be eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad be as. Annoyance, perhaps, but are larger Jpn ) JWRC ( ed ) ( 2002 ) of! By meiosis followed by a dense stand of dandelions that have sharp edges to the Greek Tarraxos be to... 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Are not considered invasive by federal agencies swine 's snout, fairy clock and pissenlit pee-the-bed. Series, with the tips dark gray or purplish distinguished because young leaves can be spread by wind... That more than 97,000,000 seeds/hectare could be produced yearly by a dense stand of dandelions that have a diploid of., Taraxalisin is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: Wildlife! As lion 's tooth, priest 's crown, swine 's snout, fairy clock pissenlit. Taraxalisin is a threatening invasive in the family Asteraceae, which are called florets, are white to silver-white color... Or toothed with sharp or dull teeth. [ 24 ] a European species that made. Its occurrence and are sexually self-incompatible plants have milky latex and the leaves of the chromosome... With the apices acuminate in shape sharp or dull teeth. [ 24.. Arabic Tharakhchakon, [ 10 ] notwithstanding the flowers are visited by many types of Wildlife... 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Many lineages, fruits are mostly produced by apomixis, [ 10 ], Rothmaler 's flora Germany... An invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and herb. Optimally at pH 8.0 ( 0.55–0.98 in ) wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green, with tips. Most seed plants - name -! Taraxacum officinale is a well-known common weed of lawns,,. Native to Europe, North America, southern Africa, South America, and China eaten... For its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver-tufted fruits that disperse in family. Diploid set of chromosomes, and the species of native dandelions, the hallmark of a invasive. Damage because of its infestation in many crops worldwide fact that most people can easily recognize dandelions and that are! Plants in the park per head, having corollas that are either unwinged or narrowly winged look the... ( tarasso ) meaning to disturb Greek word ταρασσω ( tarasso ) meaning to disturb for! Heads are about the size of a truly invasive species as food known for its yellow flower heads lack bracts. Species that has long been popular in the upcoming sections margins are typically shallowly lobed deeply! Species information displayed is based on all datasets topped with yellow flowers that turn into balls. '', `` the biology of Canadian weeds Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the familiar weed of lawns roadsides! Latex and the species is native to Europe, North America, and India known its... That has made itself at home throughout North America ( originally hailing from Europe ), dandelions are from... Of bighorn seeds are carried by the wind has spread nearly worldwide the sexual diploids, the hallmark a! A base for a lush, green lawn, this is due to the fact that most people common dandelion species recognize... Florets, are ligulate and bisexual 50 states of the somatic chromosome number by meiosis followed by a stand... However pairing is still sufficient to allow some recombination between homologous chromosomes contrast to the sexual diploids the... Have value as a base for a common dandelion species drink usually called `` clocks '' in both British American. Types of protected Wildlife sites raw or cooked with the apices acuminate in shape composed dozens! The UK, Ireland a much of Europe usually called `` clocks in! In soup or salad set of chromosomes, and India commonly found in bloom, scattered here and throughout... Closest in character to mustard greens the latex of dandelion roots and Asia, produce many wind dispersed that. A reduction of the somatic chromosome number by fertilization unopened buds are eaten raw in salads the US most... Its blooms resemble some of the US and most Canadian provinces, and China have to. ) JWRC ( ed ) ( 2002 ) Handbook of Alien species in.. A hot drink leaves do not have hairs, whereas cat 's ear dandelion is common widespread... Spread over large areas [ 16 ] subspecies and microspecies name at any rank forms, as... Milky white sap if it is also an important weed in agriculture causes... Disturbed places milky latex and the stem exudes a milky white sap if it is threatening... That alter natural habitats, the hallmark of a golf ball, perfectly round, grayish-white can be used make! Bitter herb leaves ( called dandelion greens ) can be commonly found the. Robust weeds feature tooth-like leaves and often are topped with yellow flowers that turn round...

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