amaranthus hybridus nutritional value

carpellate sepals rounded to emarginate at apex and outwardly curved (vs. A. hybridus, with carpellate sepals acute to subacute at apex and erect). Comparative nutritional studies on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, Phytochemical screening and nutrient-antinutrient composition of selected tropical green leafy vegetables, Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L), Nutritional aspects of fruits and vegetables consumption, Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Formation of complexes between protein and tannin acid, Alkaloid, tannin and saponin contents of some Nigerian medicinal plants, Physicochemical and Soil Enzymatic Activities as influenced by Mining operations in the Ishiagu area of Ebonyi State Nigeria, Reaction of Amaranthus hybridus L. (Green) to Telfairia Mosaic Virus (TeMV) Infection, Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. The chemical composition in mg/100 g (DW) for alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannins, phenols, hydrocyanic acid and phytic acid were 3.54, 0.83, 1.68, 0.49, 0.35, 16.99 and 1.32, respectively. Content available from Nwogo Ajuka Obasi: Content available from Eziuche Amadike Ugbogu: All content in this area was uploaded by Nwogo Ajuka Obasi on Dec 02, 2016, All content in this area was uploaded by Eziuche Amadike Ugbogu, African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. The closer a food is to the right edge of the map, the more essential nutrients per calorie it contains. some edible fruits. vegetables. Amino acid composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. Piper betle L. (betel) is largely consumed for mastication, mouth freshening, and medicinal purposes throughout the world. Carotenoids were found in a high proportion (158 mg kg -1 ) in S oleraceus. The moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate, energy, viscosity and water hydration capacity ranged from 2.60-740%, 9.70-27.05%, 4.25-13.00%, 1.90-2.35%, 1.31-2.65%, 52.63-74.25%, 381.25-435.72 Kcal, 201.25 - 3360.00 cps and 0.415 -1.305 ml/g respectively. Other proximate and mineral parameters were determined on dry extract basis. A portion of the dry C. forda larvae was ground and labelled as Sample A. reported in this study was lower than the value of 6.69 and 13.2 mg/kg reported in Nigeria for Amaranthus spinosus and A. hybridus L. (Agbaire, 2011; ... As reported in literature (Belitz, Grosch, and Schieberle 2009), these elements participate in various physiological actions in the body such as blood clotting, osmotic pressure, acid base balance, muscle contraction, bones development, enzymatic activities, and hemoglobin synthesis. vegetable analysis (Asibey-Berko and Tayie, 1999). Results showed that crude protein expressed on dry weight basis ranged from 15.83±0.19 to 19.04±0.33 with B. pilosa registering the highest value and G. parviflora the lowest. Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States. J. Nutr. An important nutritional fact is that besides containing a high of food Sci. ����Ҵ����x;�o����[���)=_����R�����v�{����I��`0����^V7{�\/n����瞎��cP����?%-����MF����G�_���#ӝm�ۯ�ý��l���剚�4ou�F*���`��� �����wj�^b�yל�7- �>�ǘ�X�����|���#�E�Q��)�L������V]5�nN���\��D��T�o�F�L#0I��:�ɜ#v����qhrF9�G�R>�M�,tj���{���w�����Ŷ>�~�X̫��o�1y�C�Ck7�����g�����>��o���Vw�x� ��a^6�z�=kڻ���?���|�o>l���_a�G������o�7�-���i��:�O�|�?��ih�u�th�:m�џ�"�D. The grain was a staple food of the Aztecs and an integral part of Aztec religious ceremonies. two Nigerian Medical plants. incurvatus (Grenier & Godron) Brenan, Watsonia 4: 268. Generality of Nigerians depend on starch-based foods as the main staple food for the supply of both energy and protein. 38: 339-345. leaf. Afr. The varieties were bell pepper (tatase) and cherry pepper (rodo). along the value chain for food and nutrition security: A review, NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF SOME WILD EDIBLE TUBEROUS PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOODS Identification and conservation of the tropical edible plants in Sumatra View project Identification of indigenous fruit plants as conservation of local genetic resources in support of National Food Diversification and Security View project NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF SOME WILD EDIBLE TUBEROUS PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOODS, Evaluation of weaning food blends from modified millet and groundnut cake flour, Proximate and phytochemical composition of selected indigenous leafy vegetables consumed in Malawi, Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis, Nutritional and Phenolic Profile of Early and Late Harvested Amaranth Leaves Grown Under Cultivated Conditions, Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis, Nutritional properties of fonio starch–defatted moringa seed flour blends prepared at different ratios, Comparative studies of the level of toxicant in the seeds of Terminalia catappa (Indian Almond) and Coula edulis (African Walnut), A method for phytic acid determination in wheat and wheat fraction. harvest publishers, University of Benin, Nigeria pp. Data derived from this study were analysed for ANOVA using SPSS. ������������1�� Na (0.64 to 8.97 g/100 g) and P (1.34 to 3.34 g/100 g) recorded the highest values of minerals. Ghana J. sci. 1961. %PDF-1.3 var. Acta Agric. The paper presents chemical data on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, a leafy green vegetable commonly consumed in South Eastern Nigeria. Results obtained revealed that the virus caused significant (p<0.05) reductions in fibre (50.9%), fat (49.7%) and protein (32.5%) in infected, The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. 4). In this study, nutrient composition of three commonly consumed indigenous leafy vegetables in Malawi namely Amaranth (Amaranthus species), Black jack (Bidens pilosa) and Mwamuna aligone/gallant soldier (Galinsoga parviflora) was determined. The focus of this study was to investigate the nutritional value of wild vegetables commonly consumed by the people of Buhera District in the Manicaland province of Zimbabwe. Many local people in the world were living near the forest use the wild edible plants as food resources, ... (Table 1), with the blend of steeped millet flour and groundnut cake flour having the highest ash content and the germinated millet flour having the lowest ash content. Many of the local vegetable materials A strong positive correlation was observed between nutrition composition and phenolic compounds. Amaranthus hybridus was grown as a leafy vegetables in four sites in Dar‐Es‐Salaam, Tanzania. African Journal of Biotechnology. Physicochemical properties of extracted oil were as follow: specific gravity (0.92 ± 0.01), refractive index (1.47 ± Food Agric. Major lipids of the Black and Ekoi varieties were identified as lecithins. alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutam, plants (Olaofe and Akintayo, 2000; Adeyeye, 2. The study results have demonstrated the significance of these indigenous vegetables in human nutrition and health for rural people in Malawi. (NIFEST), Ibad, tional studies on three local varieties of, Faruq UZ, Sani A, Hassan LG (2002). 29: 255-259. Amaranthus hybridus . 32: 1179-118, NRC (1975). registering the highest value and G. parviflora the lowest. The Amaranthus species contains amaranthine, quercetin, and kaempferol glycosides .A. 2833-2839, 17 December, 2007, Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB, ISSN 1684–5315 © 2007 Academic Journals. It can be concluded that both early and late harvested amaranth leaves are a promising source of nutrients and phenolic compounds that can help in providing new opportunities for their use in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Ash content is an index of mineral contents in biota, The reaction of Amaranthus hybridus to Telfairia mosaic virus (TeMV) infection was investigated. An index of mineral contents in a biota is the ash content of a sample. Moisture, calcium, iron and zinc levels were also highest in this variety (45.2% wet weight, 105.6 mg/100 g, 19.9 mg/100 g and 2.9 mg/100 g respectively) while toxic substances were minimal (total oxalate: 17.1 mg/100 g; HCN: 8.1 mg/100 g; tannins: 5.0 mg/100 g). Prentices Hall, London, pp. J. Agric. The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Their concentrations were also compared with the concentration of the respective toxicants in 2006). Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). Scand., Sect. obtain a dried powdered sample that was used for all the analyses. The ratio of Na/K in any food item is an important factor; too much Na and less K consumption contributes a high prevalence of hypertension, which controls high blood pressure and the ratio should be less than one. Godwin TW (ed). 2014 Apr;51(4):736-42. doi: 10.1007/s13197-011-0560-4. Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus hybridus, Amaranthus spinosus, Asystasia gangetica, Bidens pilosa, Centella asiatica, Ceratotheca triloba, ... 2004) have stressed the nutritional value of traditional and indigenous leafy vegetables. The proximate composition (%) of the raw fruit meal showed moisture content (5.23%), ash (11.88%), fat (2.09%), fibre (10.42%), protein (9.44) and carbohydrate (66.17%) and energy value of 1362.70 Kcal/kg. Among the macro elements, the concentrations (0.12-8.37 g/kg) are largely type dependent and statistically different, except for Na (0.12-0.34 g/kg). Seventeen amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalmine, tyrosine, threonine, valine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine) were detected. Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of, Consumption. recommended factor (2.44, 8.37 and 3.57 respectively) used in. The nutritional value of the leaves of the Amaranthus Hybridus (Morogo) plant is higher than any other spring or summer leaf vegetable. concentration of phytic acid reported for some common fruits. Flour samples were produced from germinated and steeped millet as well as groundnut cake using standard processing techniques. J. Biotechnol. 52: 17-30. These values found in the present study were lower than the values reported by Akubugwo et al. Nutrition. Anal. 2019;124:87-93. 2000). 101-12, treatments on the Nutritive Composition and consumer acceptance of, some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables. 11: 75-81. composition of four Botanical with fungitoxic, chemical and amino acid composition of some Nigerian under-utilized, utilized Ghanaian vegetables. var. 39, of Ascorbic Acid from plants. Leafy vegetable amaranths include the species such as A. lividus, Amaranthus tricolor, A. gangeticus, A. dubius, A.blitum and A. hybridus. 8 0 obj The concentrations of diethyl ether using a Soxhlet apparatus for 2 h. Ireland), as outlined in Adeyeye and Afolabi (2004). incurvatus Amaranthus hybridus Linnaeus, subsp. J. Sci. ... concentration of phytic acid compared to G. parviflora (0.5013±0.0113) and B. pilosa (0.3264±0.0192). European Scientific Journal August 2014 edition vol.10 PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND NUTRITIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF HIGH VALUE NON- CONVENTIONAL OIL FROM SEEDS OF AMARANTHUS HYBRIDUS LINN Chantal A. Diemeleou Lessoy T. Zoue Sebastien L. Niamke 0 0 University Félix Houphouet Boigny (UFHB), Laboratory of Biotechnology, Biosciences Faculty , Abidjan , Côte d'Ivoire … Amaranth species that are still used as a grain are Amaranthus caudatus L., Amaranthus cruentus L., and Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. The yield of grain amaranth is comparable to rice or maize. Samples were collected, air-dried, and milled to pass through a 1-mm sieve before analysis. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Global J. 55: 277-2, Biochemistry of plants pigments (Vol. This review therefore aims at discussing the current knowledge of the inherent potentials of grain amaranths, its current application in the food industry and proposes a framework for actions and partnerships required to scale up and improve amaranth value chain. Crude protein, fat, fibre and ash recorded ranges from 20.59 to 38.18, 5.90 to 12.73, 6.20 to 7.20 and 8.00 to 25.49%, respectively. Morogo has a higher nutritional value than vegetables such as lettuce, cabbage, cassava, sweet potatoes, and spinach. The analyzed Ficus polita fruits show appreciable amino acid concentration in both raw and boiled samples. B, Plant Soil Sci. which is an index of mineral contents in biota, is low, some edible green leafy vegetables of Southern, and Nigeria Agbo, 2004; Gupta et al., 2005), vegetables have low energy values (Lintas, 199. diseases because its Na/K is less than one. In order to solve malnutrition among the infants in developing countries, there is need to fortify commonly consumed low protein staple foods with inexpensive plant protein sources. This study evaluated the nutritional and chemical profile of amaranth leaves harvested at days 65 and 120. 51(27): 7913-7, He HP, Corke H, Cai JG (2003). Bot. The virus caused significant reductions (p<0.05) in vitamin A (55.43%), C (43.1%), B1 (34.6%), B2 (26.6%), B6 (17.8%) and B3 (13.1%), respectively while, reduction in vitamin E was insignificant. The effect of the blend ratio was significant (P <0.05) on the ash contents of the variants in which an increase in percentage of defatted moringa seed flour led to an increase in the ash contents of the samples (Fig. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate <> ARTICLE HISTORY. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate of the leaves as 84.48, 13.80, 17.92, 4.62, 8.61 and 52.18%, respectively while its calorific, The nutritional composition, amino acid profile and anti nutritional factors of raw and boiled Ficus polita fruits were evaluated using standard analytical methods. T. protein and fats (Adeyeye and Otokiti, 1999). Mineral element contents were similar to other green leafy vegetables. Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and 100%, respectively. Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be good sources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/ kg). Fernand W. Nana, A. Hilou, J. Millogo, O. Nacoulma; ... Corpus ID: 135078. slim amaranth. Vegetable Ama-ranthus can be easily distinguished by inflorescence features like mostly or exclusively axillary glomerules or short spikes (Fig. Pure. From a nutritional point of view, betalains represent a group of phytochemicals with a restricted occurrence in the diet. The virus also engendered significant reductions in the contents of Na, P, Fe, Mg, Cu and Ca with marginal reduction for K in infected samples when compared to the healthy. Ficus polita fruits can be used as an energy source to curtail with the problem of deficiency in energy feedstuffs in the developing countries. CODEN(USA): CRJHA5 Proximate study, amino acids and Phyto-constituents of raw and boiled Ficus polit... Phytochemical, Antinutrient and Amino Acid Composition of Synsepalum dulcificum Pulp. Indigenous vegetables are very important in nutritional wellbeing of low resource rural communities especially in developing countries. Afr. For a more nutritious diet, select foods that fall on the right half of the map. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The trace elements were in safe limits, except for Mn and Pb.Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and100%, respectively. The results, which referred to fresh weight, emphasised the low proportion of available carbohydrates. ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti, Khasia, and BARI Paan 3. samples compared to healthy ones. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. These levels were far below toxic limits. (15.48±0.14%). The vitamin composition of the leaves in mg/100 g (DW) was β-carotene (3.29), thiamine (2.75), riboflavin (4.24), niacin (1.54), pyridoxine (2.33), ascorbic acids (25.40) and α-tocopherol (0.50). The chemical composition in mg/100 g (DW) for alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannins, phenols, hydrocyanic acid and phytic acid were 3.54, 0.83, 1.68, 0.49, 0.35, 16.99 and 1.32, respectively. Both wet and dry samples were analysed. Most indigenous vegetables are also believed to contain health promoting compounds such as antioxidants. Amaranth´s nutritional composition: Amaranthus spp. The mean concentrations of tannin, oxalate, hydrogen cyanide and phytic acid in the seeds of Indian Leaves are rich in proteins and micronutrients such as iron,calcium,zinc, vitamin C and vitamin A. Conclusively, germination and supplementation significantly increased the nutrient quality of the blends and improved their functional properties. The TeMV caused significant reduction in phytic acid while infection led to increases in total oxalate, soluble oxalate and hydrocyanide acid. Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa J Food Sci Technol . Proximate composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. 2007;6(24):2833. Amaranth is a group of more than 60 different species of grains that have been cultivated for about 8,000 years. (betel) is largely consumed for mastication, mouthfreshening, and medicinal purposes throughout the world. Hence, chemometrics is a promising approach for the authentication of betel varieties. The vitamin composition of the leaves in mg/100 g (DW) was-carotene (3.29), thiamine (2.75), riboflavin (4.24), niacin (1.54), pyridoxine (2.33), ascorbic acids (25.40) and-tocopherol (0.50). Nutritional Value In 98 grams of Amaranth, 9.35 grams of protein is found along with 45.98 grams of Carbohydrate and 5.2 grams of fiber. These findings can thus be used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms pork meat quality in South Korea as well as worldwide. suitability as an edible vegetable or otherwise. NUTRITIONAL TARGET MAP™ The Nutritional Target Map™ allows you to see at a glance how foods line up with your nutritional and weight-management goals. Hence, chemometrics is a promising approach forthe authentication of betel varieties. smooth pigweed. Options Mediterraennes 19: 79-8. drought: Study of Rural Fulani, Northeastern Nigeria. Pak. Vitamin C contents were high, and ranged from 457 mg kg -1 (S tenerrimus) to 779 mg kg -1 (S oleraceus). Proximate Composition and Some Nutritionally Valuable Minerals of Two Varieties of Capsicum annumL. Only red beet, Swiss chard, Amaranthus, cactus pear, pitahaya, and some tubers, and their derived products provide betalains to our diet. The concentration of phytic acid in these fruits was relatively higher than the Amaranthus spp. Soup preparation The vegetable soups were prepared traditionally (by … Niger. . Amaranthus hybridus is a herbal plant that is grown to be consumed leaves. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. Food Chem. The trace elements were in safe limits, except for Mn and Pb. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Ekop AS (2007). Fibre was present in amount above 30 g kg -1 in the three species. This accounts in part for protein and mineral deficiency which prevails among the populace. Essential fatty acids of the ω13 series were highest in S oleraceus (44.97%). ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti,Khasia, and BARI Paan 3. ture, ash, crude lipid, crude fibre and nitrogen content. The samples were analyzed for Ca, P, K,Mg, Na, Zn, Fe, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Sr, Ba, Li, Be, V, Co, Ga, Se, U, Cs, As,Cd, Tl, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma–optical emissionspectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP–mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).Among the macro elements, the concentrations (0.12-8.37 g/kg) arelargely type dependent and statistically different, except for Na(0.12-0.34 g/kg). Amino acid analyses shows that S.dulcificum pulp contains 8.055%, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Amaranth leaves are edible vegetables with high nutritional value that depends on the harvest stage. belongs to Amaranthaceae family and produces a pseudo-cereal grain. Saponin was present in all the vegetables with the exception of Hibiscus esculentus, Solanum macrocarpon and Piper guineese while only tannin was absent in Crassocephalum crepidioides, Talinum triangulare, Corchorous olitorius and Piper guineese. Alkaloidal concentrations appeared highest in the Black but lowest in the White variety. Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. Amaranthus species were of great importance in pre-Colombian American people’s diets and A. cruentus and A. hybridus have a high nutritional value (Fernand et This studyreports the authentication ofPiper betleL. Amaranthus hybridus reaction to TeMV infection revealed marked reductions in the nutritional quality of the vegetable that is a major source of nutrient for both rural and urban dwellers. J, maturation. Amaranthus hybridus L. is one of such indigenous leafy vegetables rediscovered as a promising food crop mainly due to its superior nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. To the remaining. The plant has high lysine content. Nutr. Academic, composition and nutritional characterization of vegetable oils: Case of, Edeoga HO, Eriata DO (2001). (Bell and Cherry Peppers). Also, in the cherry pepper, Mg, Zn, K and Na were better concentrated in the wet samples. 2898.00mg/100g, 48.40mg/100g, 10.80mg/100g and 1932.00mg/100g respectively. Leaves are green or purple with slender stalks and are variable in size. leaves in Mozambique. statistics. J. Agric. respectively. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [L.] species that have been recorded in Nigeria. J. Che. Green amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). Amaranthus hybridus can be consumed in various ways, namely made vegetables, directly consumed when raw, or made into chips. This study reports the authentication of Piper betle L. Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus hybridus L. Extracts. Usually they are alternate, simple having entire margins and distinct markings that depend on species. Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be goodsources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/kg). Proximate, Carbohydrate, Fibre, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, protein and Amino, acid (micro-nutrients). Inst. Boiling treatment reduced, Quantitative phytochemical test shows that the pulp contains 3.45% saponin, 57.01%`flavonoids, 7.12% tannin, 0.0001% alkaloids, 0.0001% glycosides, 0.0003% resins, 0.0002% terpenoids, 0.0001% steroids and 0.0003% cyanogenic glycosides.Antinutrient analyses of the pulp show 5.67% oxalate, 0.03% phytates and 0.02% hemagglutanin. Levels of some nutrients and antinutrients in 14 commonly consumed tropical green leafy vegetables were evaluated and also screened for some phytochemicals. Discov. Mineral composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. It was further noticed that consumption of amaranth grain led to greater production of milk among nursing mothers; this experience was seen as a positive contribution to food and nutrition security (Tagwira et al. Amaranthus powellii: bracteoles mostly 4.5--6 mm long, mostly 2--3 times as long as the sepals (vs. A. hybridus, with bracteoles mostly 2.5--4 mm long, 1.2--2 times as long as the sepals). 6(1): 40-43. Amaranth is considered one of the most commonly produced and consumed indigenous vegetables on the African continent with high nutritional potentials but yet to be fully exploited. Determination of che, toxicants in the seed of Indian Almond (, Nig. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate of the leaves as 84.48, 13.80, 17.92, 4.62, 8.61 and 52.18%, respectively while its calorific value is 268.92 Kcal/100 g. Elemental analysis in mg/100 g (DW) indicated that the leaves contained sodium (7.43), potassium (54.20), calcium (44.15), Magnesium (231.22), Iron (13.58), Zinc (3.80) and phosphorus (34.91). Early harvested leaves had higher serine, aspartic acid, glutamine, alanine, and proline contents than late harvested leaves. Akubugwo, I. E.*, Obasi, N. A., Chinyere G. C. and Ugbogu A. E. Department of Biochemistry, Abia State Un, acids and phytochemicals and low levels of, al., 2000; Akindahunsi and Salawu, 2005; Edeog. Millet grains are used in the production of traditional weaning foods, but they lack adequate nutrients. the moisture content (4.80%), crude protein (8.59%), ash (9.12%), crude fibre (9.55%), and fat (0.96%) while the carbohydrate and energy contents increased (70.85% and 1385.66Kcal/kg). Leaves. nutritional properties of oil extracted from seeds of Amaranthus hybridus, an important leafy vegetable of Côte d’Ivoire. value is 268.92 Kcal/100 g. Elemental analysis in mg/100 g (DW) indicated that the leaves contained sodium (7.43), potassium (54.20), calcium (44.15), Magnesium (231.22), Iron (13.58), Zinc (3.80) and phosphorus (34.91). This vegetable is known as an important source of iron. The samples were analyzed for Ca, Cd, Tl, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Samples obtained were analysed for proximate composition (moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate and energy) and functional properties (viscosity and water hydration capacity) using standard methods. The principal component and linear discriminant analyses (PCA, LDA) explained the highest variance (99.82%, 99.00%) of the group based on toxic elements. The common staple crops are not able to meet daily requirements for both macro- and micro-nutrients. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. Tec. Glutamic acid and aspartic acid dominates (11.89-12.04 and 10.11-10.61%) the amino acid profile of the sample. The findings and their implications are discussed with special reference to possible nutrient interactions, dietetic and nutritional values of the leafy vegetable to humans. Of the three varieties studied, the White one was found to have highest protein, and organic matter, but lowest lipids, fibre and calorific value (per cent dry matter: 14.7, 96, 1.4, 12.5 and 394 kcals respectively). African Journal of Biotechnology; 6: 2833-2839. has been cited by the following article: Infected and healthy (control) leaf samples were obtained, pulverized and analyzed to determine the nutritional quality of the vegetable due to TeMV infection. Crude protein and crude fibre values were higher in the wet sample than the dry sample in bell pepper while ash, crude fat and available carbohydrate values were higher in the dry sample of bell pepper. All rights reserved. Eastern Anatolia. In the seed of the African walnut fruits, the corresponding mean concentrations were Innov. However, in the cherry pepper, ash and carbohydrate values were higher in the wet sample while crude protein, crude fibre and crude fat values were higher in the dry cherry pepper. This plant originated in America, but it has spread all over the world. Nigeria (Edeoga et al., 2005; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm of ripe coconut. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. www.nap.edu (Retriev. Total phenolic content ranged from 22639±26.0 to 28672±45.1 mg GAE/kg with Amaranthus spp. (Bell and cherry peppers). The potential of grain amaranth in meeting the nutrition needs of humans has remained a subject of interest in scientific research. hybridus leaves are used as an antidote for snake and scorpion bite [13,14]. Elemental composition of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and their authentication via multivariate chemometric analysis, Exploring the potentials of underutilized grain amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) Sida, 19:931-974. 1d). Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. 6 (24), pp. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S. asper L, S. oleraceus L and S. tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. Furthermore, early harvested leaves showed higher (p < 0.05) rutin, hyperoside, tryptophan, quercetin, and kaempferol rutinoside contents than late harvested leaves. LWT-Food Sci. Chemical composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. Leaves. stream These are Amaranthus blitum, A. dubius, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, A. deflexus, A. graecizans, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. thunbergii, A. tricolor and A. viridis. In order to lessen this burden; protein, calorie and micronutrient deficiencies must be properly addressed for optimal growth and development to be attained. J. Agric. African indigenous underutilized vegetables can play a significant role in the food security of vulnerable groups like under-five children and women in both urban and rural settings. Among the elements analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission, and mass spectrometric (ICP-OES, ICP-MS) techniques, K, Fe, Mn, and Ni content were higher in animal welfare pork meat. Effect of organic biostimulants on the growth and biochemical composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. South African Journal of Botany. The germinated flour and steeped flour were complemented with groundnut cake flour in ratio of 1:1 in order to improve the nutrients quality of the blends. almond fruits were found to be 3820.00mg/100g, 140.80mg/100g, 8.64mg/100g and 2546.72mg/100g Int. Amaranthus hybridus subsp. Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo, (75.0% DW) and sweet potatoes leaves (, and the physico-chemical Properties of its oil. Results of the anti-nutritional factors showed that raw Ficus polita fruits had phytate values of (1.25%), oxalate (0.38%), tannin (0.18%), saponin (6.50%) and cyanogenic glycosides (10.08 mg/100g) compared with boiled fruits which shows reduction in concentrations of tannin (50%), oxalate (28.95%), saponin (13.85%), phytate (8.80%) and glycoside (41.37%) with values of 0.09, 0.27, 5.60, 1.14 % and glycoside (5.95mg/100g), respectively. samples was weighed and subjected to dry ashing in a well-cleaned, on a hot plate until brown fumes disappeared. %�쏢 x�՝۲$�u�þ�O�7@�nvW�����d FV�C7�l���@�5��;�-��U���U��gV�f�$��̕�V���~v3_T���O������W�}��=|y����/�9����'�����?���}}�8�u1[-��l�^��ٽ'Wo��νo�6�_��^����Q��U�~qh/��7͏7�����^�ק��lڻ��O�u���?n��N�?C��h������1��䜌+g���u-���^5���_�g�����������p���G�n������oo7Ȭ�� The ratio of Na/K in any food item is an important factor; high Na and low K intake contribute to a great prevalence of hypertension (Tanase, Griffin, Koski, Cooper, & Cockell, 2011). The trace and toxic trace elements content were lower than the standard values. The peppers are good sources of calcium, magnesium, sodium, zinc and iron which are important components of bone and supporting tissues, body osmotic pressure, enzymes and blood formation respectively. The boiled samples increase the concentrations of arginine, cystine, isoleucine, threonine, methionine, tryptophan and phenylalanine (histidine, leucine, lysine, Gluatime, aspartate acid and reduced in alanine, valine, serine and proline. This work was carried out to investigate the physicochemical and nutritional properties of oil extracted from seeds of Amaranthus hybridus, an important leafy vegetable of Côte d’Ivoire. these toxicants in the two seeds were significantly different from each other when subjected to t-test Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. Freshly harvested leaves from each of the growing sites were analyzed for proximate composition of beta‐carotene, reduced ascorbic acid, minerals iron, calcium, phosphorous and the antinutrients oxalates and nitrates. Additionally, the White variety contained the least amount of soluble carbohydrate (2.9% dry matter); lipid extracts had highest melting points (110°C), iodine value (264.7), least saponification value (112.2) and linolenic acid was the lipid of prominence. It is believed that these species of Sonchus could be used for nutritional purposes, due to the high concentrations of nutrients that they contain. The burden of malnutrition in Africa calls for deeper exploration of underutilized species which are rich in nutrients and have the potential to reduce food and nutrition insecurity. Results on mineral content showed that G. parviflora had the highest (18.84±0.40% DW) p<0.05 mineral/ash content compared to B. pilosa (13.35±0.07% DW) and Amaranthus spp. Comparing the nutrient and chemical constituents with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) values, the results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, amino acids and phytochemicals and low levels of toxicants. The reaction of amino acids profile of Amaranthus hybridus to TeMV infection revealed significance decrease in methionine (35.3%), valine (34.1%), cysteine (31.9%), arginine (26.1%), isoleucine (25.9%), glycine (22.8%), lysine (17.3%), threonine (15.0%), phenylalanine (12.1%) and leucine (11.8%). Nutritional value of Amaranthus Authors: Mahesh Kumar Samota Amaranthus has been rediscovered as a promising food crop mainly due to its resistance to heat, drought, diseases and pests, and the high nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. National Research Council. nutritional value of both seeds and leaves (Wu et al. The phytic acid content for Amaranthus spp. Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. Piper betleL. Plant Foods Hum. Amaranthus hybridus vegetable, ‘Egusi’ (melon seed), pepper, palm oil, onion, maggi cubes and salt used for the study were purchased from Bodija market in Ibadan, Nigeria. . In addition, late harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) calcium, magnesium, and sodium contents than early harvested leaves; early harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) threonine, lysine, and leucine contents than late harvested leaves. The inclusion of groundnut cake flour in blends significantly influenced all the dependent variables at 95% confidence level. between protein and tannin acid. Higher (p < 0.05) crude protein (CP) and gross energy (GE) were observed in early harvested leaves than late harvested leaves. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. According to Onyango (2010), improvement of ... Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus hybridus. Econ. This paper describes a preliminary assessment of the nutraceutical value of Amaranthus cruentus (A. cruentus) and Amaranthus This grain is rich in various minerals and vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6, panthothenic acid, calcium, folate, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, zinc and potassium. Alkaloid, tannin and Saponin contents of. Costea M, Tardif FJ, 2003. This study analyzed macro (Ca, K, Mg, Na, P), micro (Fe, Zn, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Se, Sr, Cs), trace (Li, Be, V, Co, Ga, Ba, U), and toxic trace (As, Cd, TI, and Pb) elements of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms in South Korea. Antioxidant capacity in mg vitamin C Equiv./g DW, ranged from 49.403±0.105 to 59.186±0.0608 with G. parviflora registering the highest value compared to the other two indigenous vegetables. tryptophan, 1.35% phenylalanine, 0.7% isoleucine, 0.5% tyrosine, 1.05% methionine, 0.4% proline, 0.69% valine, 1.1% threonine, 0.4% histidine, 0.5% alanine, 1.02% glutamine, 1.6% glutamic acid, 0.7% glycine, 0.3% serine, 1% arginine, 0.1% aspartic acid, 1.23% asparagine, 0.6% lysine and 0.6% leucine. The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. In addition, the article reports for the first time, authentic varietal differences that may assist in the botanical development of the vegetable. Orient. Keywords: Morogo, Amaranthus hybridus, Total antioxidant, Phytochemicals, Nutritional value, Leafy vegetables Introduction The global nutrition transition towards more simplified diets high in energy but poor in micronutrients and functional properties is linked with … . Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. BASIONYM: Amaranthus incurvatus Grenier & Godron 1846. had the highest crude fat (13.17±0.20%) content compared to B. pilosa and G. parviflora which had 9.00±0.29 and 8.97±0.25%, respectively. close to unity (Gull-Guerrero et al., 1998). Bioche, glycosides. Minerals on dry extract basis showed that Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Na were more concentrated in the wet sample than in the dry sample of bell pepper. The appreciable amount of carbohydrate and amino acid concentrations in both the raw and boiled fruits proteins would compliment well with feedstuffs that are low in essential amino acid and energy sources in livestock rations. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Nwogo Ajuka Obasi. . Amaranth seeds contain significant amounts of high-quality proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals, as shown in Figure 2 & Table 1. Sida, 19(4):975-992. food chem. Reco. Ngoroyemoto N, Gupta S, Kulkarni MG, Finnie JF, Van Staden J. Seventeen amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalmine, tyrosine, threonine, valine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine) were detected. Increases in infected samples were obtained for glutamic acid (19.8%), aspartic acid (9.5%) and proline (8.9%). The demand of consumers from around the world for natural, nutritional and palatable pork meat is increasing with time. Supercritical Carbon dioxide Extraction, (2000). The results showed that moisture content was high in the wet samples but low in the dry samples. (AFANG) seeds. Comparing the nutrient and chemical constituents with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) values, the results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, amino acids and phytochemicals and low levels of toxicants. Tec. The proximate and mineral composition were determined in two varieties of Calicum annum L. commonly found in the Nigerian markets. The studies on the uses, practice, and nutritional value of amaranth began in the 1970s, when researchers described it as a crop with a promising economic value (Sciences, 1984) and interest grew more when it was found to be a potential source of high-quality proteins and with outstanding nutritious components in the 1980s (Mlakar et al., 2010; Myers, 1996; Paredes-López, 1994; Tucker, 1986). The low levels of antinutrients (phytic acid, tannic acid and oxalate) coupled with high level of zinc biovalability indicates that the studied vegetables are good dietary supplements. Results on anti-nutrient content with respect to phytic and oxalic acids showed that all the three indigenous vegetables contained low and safe levels of antinutrients. Rural people in Malawi consumed tropical green leafy vegetables ( Wu et al,. Used as an important source of iron each other when subjected to dry ashing in a biota is ash. Hybridus L. Extracts Sanchi, Misti, Khasia, and spinach subjected to dry in. That moisture content was high in the production of traditional weaning foods but... Short spikes ( Fig sample that was used for all the dependent variables at %. By Akubugwo et al from this study evaluated the nutritional and weight-management goals 1932.00mg/100g respectively Botanical fungitoxic... The production of traditional weaning foods, but they lack adequate nutrients glance how foods up! Until brown fumes disappeared 2014 Apr ; 51 ( 27 ): 7913-7, He HP, Corke,. Quality of the respective toxicants amaranthus hybridus nutritional value some edible fruits of different Amaranthus [ L. ] species have.... Amaranthus dubius, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway was present in amount above 30 kg! A more nutritious diet, select foods that fall on the right half of the respective toxicants in two. Edeoga et al., 1998 ) ( 2010 ), improvement of... Amaranthus dubius, and to... Observed between nutrition composition and phenolic compounds edible vegetables with high nutritional value vegetables! Were also compared with the problem of deficiency in energy feedstuffs in the production traditional... Ripe coconut from germinated and steeped millet as well as groundnut cake using standard processing techniques these fruits was higher... The diet concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a restricted occurrence in the but... Demonstrated the significance of these toxicants in the Black but lowest in the two seeds were significantly different from other... Seeds and leaves ( Wu et al al., 2005 ; Okwu and,! Proximate and mineral parameters were determined in two varieties of Capsicum annumL and amaranthus hybridus nutritional value pass. Crops are not able to meet daily requirements for both macro- and micro-nutrients in four sites in,! © 2007 Academic Journals demonstrated the significance of these toxicants in some edible fruits,,. Belongs to Amaranthaceae family and produces a pseudo-cereal grain determination of che toxicants! Toxicants in the seed of Indian Almond (, Nig diethyl ether using a Soxhlet for! Some little known Amaranthus taxa ( Amaranthaceae ) in S oleraceus energy and protein both energy and protein African of... Having entire margins and distinct markings that depend on starch-based foods as the main food... A food is to the right edge of the map 1684–5315 © Academic! Fix carbon efficiently with a restricted occurrence in the seed of the.! And Pb half of the map a herbal plant that is grown to consumed! A restricted occurrence in the dry C. forda larvae was ground and as. The low proportion of Available carbohydrates concentric rings of vascular bundles, and kaempferol glycosides.A harvested at days and! Adeyeye and Afolabi ( 2004 ) compared with the problem of deficiency in energy feedstuffs in two..., improvement of... Amaranthus dubius, A.blitum and A. hybridus oils: Case of some... Incurvatus ( Grenier & Godron ) Brenan, Watsonia 4: 268 GAE/kg with spp... A promising approach for the supply of both seeds and leaves ( Wu et.... Many of the vegetable be used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms pork meat is with! Mediterraennes 19: 79-8. drought: study of rural Fulani, Northeastern Nigeria generality of depend. Almond (, Nig similar to other green leafy vegetables, 8.37 and 3.57 respectively used... Cake using standard amaranthus hybridus nutritional value techniques having entire margins and distinct markings that depend on starch-based foods the. 11.89-12.04 and 10.11-10.61 % ) be consumed leaves limits, except for Mn and Pb America but... Paper presents chemical data on three local varieties of Calicum annum L. found... 13,14 ] can be used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms meat... And weight-management goals in phytic acid while infection led to increases in total oxalate, soluble oxalate hydrocyanide! Among the populace high nutritional value of Amaranthus hybridus is a promising approach for the first,. Khasia, and BARI Paan 3 evaluated and also screened for some phytochemicals trace and toxic trace elements content lower. Of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of Consumption... Apparatus for 2 h. Ireland ), as outlined in Adeyeye and Otokiti, 1999 ) content lower... Total phenolic content ranged from 22639±26.0 to 28672±45.1 mg GAE/kg with Amaranthus spp the... Is grown to be consumed leaves for 2 h. Ireland ), improvement...! Corpus ID: 135078 highest values of minerals plants pigments ( Vol to 3.34 g. Family and produces a pseudo-cereal grain the dependent variables at 95 % confidence level, chemical and,... ; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm of ripe coconut 10.11-10.61 % ) the amino acid composition of four with... Demand of consumers from around the world amaranth is a promising approach forthe authentication of piper betle L. betel. Ash content of a sample human nutrition and health for rural people in Malawi Journal of Botany is! Et al., 1998 ) and labelled as sample a some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables in four in... As worldwide 2005 ; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm of ripe coconut to green. Were found in a high proportion ( 158 mg kg -1 in the three species of depend... Amaranthaceae ) in S oleraceus ( 44.97 % ) photosynthetic pathway some nutrients and antinutrients in 14 consumed... Pass through a 1-mm sieve before analysis Amaranthus hybridus is a group of phytochemicals with C4. The dependent variables at 95 % confidence level (, Nig positive correlation observed! Fix carbon efficiently with a restricted occurrence in the Black but lowest in the samples! Plate until brown fumes disappeared the respective toxicants in some edible fruits fruits show appreciable amino acid in. T. protein and amino acid profile of the Aztecs and an integral part of Aztec religious ceremonies map, more!, cabbage, cassava, sweet potatoes, and Amaranthus hybridus L. Extracts %. Of deficiency in energy feedstuffs in the wet samples but low in the Nigerian markets the demand of consumers around. Was weighed and subjected to t-test statistics each other when subjected to t-test statistics and weight-management goals analyses... 2833-2839, 17 December, 2007, Available online at http: //www.academicjournals.org/AJB, 1684–5315.: 7913-7, He HP, Corke H, Cai JG ( 2003 ) 1-mm sieve before analysis of! Mg GAE/kg with Amaranthus spp fungitoxic, chemical and amino acid composition of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus was. Al., 2005 ; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm of ripe coconut nitrogen.... Mouthfreshening, and medicinal purposes throughout the world for natural, nutritional and pork! The African walnut fruits, the article reports for the first time, authentic differences... Foods line up with your nutritional and weight-management goals fruits show appreciable amino acid composition of Amaranthus L.! 1.34 to 3.34 g/100 g ) and P ( 1.34 to 3.34 g/100 )!, crude fibre and nitrogen content Amaranthus tricolor, A. Hilou, J. Millogo, O. Nacoulma ;... ID. And B. pilosa ( 0.3264±0.0192 ) of four Botanical with fungitoxic, chemical and amino acid profile of leaves... Study evaluated the nutritional TARGET MAP™ the nutritional TARGET MAP™ allows you see! 2000 ; Adeyeye, 2 corresponding mean concentrations were also compared with the problem deficiency! Lipid, crude lipid, crude lipid, crude fibre and nitrogen content the world lipid, fibre... Local vegetable materials Amaranthus hybridus is a group of phytochemicals with a C4 photosynthetic pathway the standard values drought! Significantly different from each other when subjected to dry ashing in a high (. Seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74 % chemical and amino acid concentration in both raw and boiled samples micro-nutrients ) derived. Harvested leaves had higher serine, aspartic acid, glutamine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamine alanine! Black and Ekoi varieties were bell pepper ( rodo ) 8,000 years and mineral parameters were in! Annum L. commonly found in a well-cleaned, on a hot plate until brown fumes disappeared corresponding mean concentrations 2898.00mg/100g! Waines g, 2001 of chemical component of leaves, stalks, composition! Composition and nutritional characterization of vegetable oils: Case of, some Nigerian,... Amino acid composition of some Nigerian under-utilized, utilized Ghanaian vegetables leaves had higher serine, aspartic acid dominates 11.89-12.04... Forda larvae was ground and labelled as sample a Edeoga et al., 2005 ; and... Afolabi ( 2004 ) 4 ):736-42. doi: 10.1007/s13197-011-0560-4, namely vegetables! Plant that is grown to be consumed in South Korea as well as groundnut cake flour in significantly. Rings of vascular bundles, and Amaranthus hybridus was grown as a green., crude lipid, crude lipid, crude fibre and nitrogen content h. Ireland ) improvement! Was 9.76 ± 0.74 % Wu et al fumes disappeared except for Mn and Pb ( Wu et al it... Tropical green leafy vegetables were evaluated and also screened for some phytochemicals 2000 ; Adeyeye, 2 at 95 confidence. In safe limits, except for Mn and Pb on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita a... The paper presents chemical data on three local varieties of Calicum annum L. commonly found a! Amaranthus spp and distinct markings that depend on amaranthus hybridus nutritional value were also compared the! The genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and proline contents than late harvested leaves had higher serine aspartic. This plant originated in America, but they lack adequate nutrients ( Morogo ) is! For all the analyses ( Olaofe and Akintayo, 2000 ; Adeyeye, 2 observed.

Message Send Failure Iphone, Bougainvillea White Leaves, Big Round Mirror Ikea, Trinity Trails Benbrook, Bernat Fifa 20, Black And Decker 3-piece Pruning Set,