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Its official designation is Musa acuminata (AAA Group) 'Gros Michel'. Its fruit has a very dense texture with a rich and sweet flavor, but is used mostly for cooking purposes. [23][24] The banana equivalent dose of radiation was developed in 1995 as a simple teaching-tool to educate the public about the natural, small amount of K-40 radiation occurring in every human and in common foods. Thus the banana producer and distributor Chiquita produces publicity material for the American market which says that "a plantain is not a banana". Gros Michel is known as Guineo Gigante, Banano, and Plátano Roatán in Spanish. Black sigatoka is a fungal leaf spot disease first observed in Fiji in 1963 or 1964. Bananas do not grow from a seed but from a bulb or rhizome, and it takes 9 to 12 months from sowing a banana bulb to harvesting the fruit. The paper is either hand-made or by industrial process. [140], In Malay folklore, the ghost known as Pontianak is associated with banana plants (pokok pisang), and its spirit is said to reside in them during the day. This virulent form of fusarium wilt destroyed Cavendish in several southeast Asian countries and spread to Australia and India. The chlorophyll breakdown product is stabilized by a propionate ester group. Instead, layers and layers of leaves furled around one another form a stem that can be as much as 12 inches thick and 40 feet tall, making it one of the largest “herbs” grown on the planet. as "true" plantains, distinct from other cooking bananas. [11] Cultivated banana plants vary in height depending on the variety and growing conditions. It is also known as Pisang Ambon in Malaysia and Indonesia, Thihmwe in Burma, Chek Ambuong in Cambodia and Kluai hom thong in Thailand.[4]. [72] Likewise, Dwarf Cavendish and Grand Nain are in no danger of extinction, but they may leave supermarket shelves if disease makes it impossible to supply the global market. [145] Alves picked up the banana, peeled it and took a bite, and the meme went viral on social media in support of him. Greenpeace has sanctioned Acai as a sustainable crop. French naturalist Nicolas Baudin carried a few corms of this banana from Southeast Asia, depositing them at a botanical garden on the Caribbean island of Martinique. From Island Southeast Asia, they became part of the staple crops of Austronesian peoples and were spread during their voyages and ancient maritime trading routes into Oceania, East Africa, South Asia, and Indochina. [3], Gros Michel is a triploid cultivar of the wild banana Musa acuminata, belonging to the AAA group.[4]. Get your tickets today! The fruit has been described as a "leathery berry". I would not recommend these as an every-day earring as they hang well past the shoulder. Banana plantations, as well as growing the fruit, may also package, process, and ship their product directly from the plantation to worldwide markets.Depending on the scope of the operation, a plantation's size may vary from a small family farm operation to a corporate facility encompassing large tracts of land, multiple physical plants, and many employees. In summary, in commerce in Europe and the Americas (although not in small-scale cultivation), it is possible to distinguish between "bananas", which are eaten raw, and "plantains", which are cooked. Many of these cultivars were given names that were later discovered to be synonyms. Crispy Fruit 100% freeze-dried banana is a wholesome crunchy snack with no added sugar. Banana fruit getting ripe on a farm on big island, hawaii. And this got us thinking about other weird fruit facts you probably didn’t know. As new growth occurs in the centre of the pseudostem the edges are forced apart. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starchcovered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. Although they are HUGE The genus Musa was created by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Both fruit-bearing and fibrous varieties of the banana plant have been used. [139] Often people tie a length of colored satin cloth around the pseudostem of the banana plants. 20 weeks: Your baby is about the length of a banana Your burgeoning baby now measures about 6 1/2 inches from head to bottom or 10 inches from head to heel, and weighs roughly 10 1/2 ounces. [120][121] The flavor resembles that of artichoke. The commercially important Cavendish subgroup is severely affected. My little brother didn't see you do it. Bananas can be ordered by the retailer "ungassed" (i.e. The Chinese name of the aromatic Go San Heong banana means 'You can smell it from the next mountain.' This may be a possible indication of very early dispersal of bananas by Austronesian traders by sea from as early as 2000 BCE. [3] This can extend to other members of the genus Musa, such as the scarlet banana (Musa coccinea), the pink banana (Musa velutina), and the Fe'i bananas. There are starchy cooking bananas which are smaller than those eaten raw. Their political maneuvers, which gave rise to the term Banana republic for states like Honduras and Guatemala, included working with local elites and their rivalries to influence politics or playing the international interests of the United States, especially during the Cold War, to keep the political climate favorable to their interests. A similar dish is known in the United Kingdom and United States as banana fritters. But this is still putative, as they may have come from local wild Musa species used for fiber or as ornamentals, not food. ... Rainbow papaya, which can defend itself from papaya ring spot disease by inserting a gene from the virus into the fruit’s genetic code. The skin of ripe bananas quickly blackens in the 4 °C (39 °F) environment of a domestic refrigerator, although the fruit inside remains unaffected. The tender core of the banana plant's trunk is also used in South Asian and Southeast Asian cuisine. Secure payments by. [25][26] The K-40 in a banana emits about 15 becquerels or 0.1 micro-sieverts (units of radioactivity exposure),[27] an amount that does not add to the total body radiation dose when a banana is consumed. The plant itself is most definitely a dwarf cultivar, growing at most 8-10 feet in height. Depending upon cultivar and ripeness, the flesh can vary in taste from starchy to sweet, and texture from firm to mushy. [3] In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas. Both genera are in the banana family, Musaceae. [6], There are efforts to use genetic modification to create a version of the Gros Michel which is resistant to Panama disease. The fruit requires careful handling, rapid transport to ports, cooling, and refrigerated shipping. Fruit and veg wholesalers Big Watermelon (formerly Bushy Park Wholesale) is located in Wantirna South, 26km east of Melbourne, and provides the best produce to stores and private customers in the surrounding eastern suburbs. Cultivars are placed in groups based on the number of chromosomes they have and which species they are derived from. Leaves become short and stunted as the disease progresses, becoming 'bunched' at the apex of the plant. [21], As with all living things on earth, potassium-containing bananas emit radioactivity at very low levels occurring naturally from potassium-40 (40K or K-40),[22] which is one of several isotopes of potassium. [141], There is a long racist history of describing people of African descent as being more like monkeys than humans, and due to the assumption in popular culture that monkeys like bananas, bananas have been used in symbolic acts of hate speech. A banana is an elongated, edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. By the 10th century the banana appears in texts from Palestine and Egypt. [126] In the Japanese system Kijōka-bashōfu, leaves and shoots are cut from the plant periodically to ensure softness. Upon tasting the new discovery, he found it … [12][13] Leaves are spirally arranged and may grow 2.7 metres (8.9 ft) long and 60 cm (2.0 ft) wide. The fingers on one banana plant grow fused; another produces bunches of a thousand fingers, each only an inch long. In addition, bananas and their crop wild relatives are conserved in situ (in wild natural habitats where they evolved and continue to do so). [30] The old biological name Musa sapientum = "Muse of the wise" arose because of homophony in Latin with the classical Muses. [92], Tropical race 4 (TR4), a reinvigorated strain of Panama disease, was first discovered in 1993. [92] Cavendish was chosen as the replacement for Gros Michel because, among resistant cultivars, it produces the highest quality fruit. I have smaller banana earrings if you dont want to wear these insane earrings. There are numerous references to it in Islamic texts (such as poems and hadiths) beginning in the 9th century. Matsuo Basho: the Master Haiku Poet, Kodansha Europe, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, History of modern banana plantations in the Americas, History of peasant banana production in the Americas, United Brands Company v Commission of the European Communities, "Banana from 'Fruits of Warm Climates' by Julia Morton", "Tracing antiquity of banana cultivation in Papua New Guinea", "Banana plant with five hearts is instant hit in Negros Occ", Office of the Gene Technology Regulator 2008, "Everything Emits Radiation – Even You: The millirems pour in from bananas, bomb tests, the air, bedmates…", "Eating one banana; in Radiation Dose Chart", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families", "The banana (Musa acuminata) genome and the evolution of monocotyledonous plants", "Tracking the banana: its significance in early agriculture", "Combining Biological Approaches to Shed Light on the Evolution of Edible Bananas", "Across the Indian Ocean: the prehistoric movement of plants and animals", "Evidence for banana cultivation and animal husbandry during the first millennium BCE in the forest of southern Cameroon", "Herkunft, Diversität und Züchtung der Banane und kultivierter Zitrusarten, "Banana consumption on rise during Ramadan", "We Have No Bananas: Can Scientists Defeat a Devastating Blight? The old scientific name for this hybrid, Musa sapientum, is no longer used. [69], In global commerce in 2009, by far the most important cultivars belonged to the triploid AAA group of Musa acuminata, commonly referred to as Cavendish group bananas. [68] One such strain that has emerged is the Taiwanese Cavendish, also known as the Formosana.[73]. [50], Southeast Asia remains the region of primary diversity of the banana. The vivid yellow color consumers normally associate with supermarket bananas is, in fact, caused by the artificial ripening process. Global Strategy for the Conservation and Use of, "Bananas! [110], Bananas are a staple starch for many tropical populations. Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) is a plant virus of the genus Babuvirus, family Nanonviridae affecting Musa spp. [118] Pisang goreng, bananas fried with batter similar to the Filipino maruya or Kerala pazhampori, is a popular dessert in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia. Export bananas are picked green, and ripen in special rooms upon arrival in the destination country. Visit our online store or call Firm Banana on 07812 123 330. As with artichokes, both the fleshy part of the bracts and the heart are edible.[122]. These were cultivated by Papuans before the arrival of Austronesian-speakers. Search for other Farmers Market in … not treated with ethylene), and may show up at the supermarket fully green. I don’t recommend using a fruit bowl to store bananas in, unless you only buy a small amount of fruit and mainly use it for decoration. Harvested shoots are first boiled in lye to prepare fibers for yarn-making. Biggest Banana is a medium sized supermarket that carries essential and gourmet groceries,produce, deli, and meat items at the best prices! Plantains are one of many kinds of cooking bananas, which are not always distinct from dessert bananas. $120,000 – if it's art", "Banana Splits: Spoiled by Its Own Success, the $120,000 Fruit Is Gone", "Legends, myths and folklore of the banana tree in India - its use in traditional culture", "Comparing Black People to Monkeys has a Long, Dark Simian History", "In the Fight Against Racism, No Bananas, No Monkeys, Please! Banana Yellow. It is the tallest species of bananas and the world's largest herbaceous plant. [62] Jules Verne introduces bananas to his readers with detailed descriptions in Around the World in Eighty Days (1872). [97] Experts state the need to enrich banana biodiversity by producing diverse new banana varieties, not just having a focus on the Cavendish.[95]. Bananas can be made into fruit preserves. The plant is allowed to produce two shoots at a time; a larger one for immediate fruiting and a smaller "sucker" or "follower" to produce fruit in 6–8 months. [101] After being originally identified on a close relative of bananas, Ensete ventricosum, in Ethiopia in the 1960s,[102] BBW occurred in Uganda in 2001 affecting all banana cultivars. [95] As the soil-based fungi can easily be carried on boots, clothing, or tools, the wilt spread to the Americas despite years of preventive efforts. Musa Ingens, the world's largest banana tree growing in the forest of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. Areas of secondary diversity are found in Africa, indicating a long history of banana cultivation in these regions. [64], The vast majority of the world's bananas today are cultivated for family consumption or for sale on local markets. North American shippers like Lorenzo Dow Baker and Andrew Preston, the founders of the Boston Fruit Company started this process in the 1870s, but railroad builders like Minor C. Keith also participated, eventually culminating in the multi-national giant corporations like today's Chiquita Brands International and Dole. Worldwide, there is no sharp distinction between "bananas" and "plantains". For example, the outermost fibers of the shoots are the coarsest, and are suitable for tablecloths, while the softest innermost fibers are desirable for kimono and kamishimo. 30 25 17. [20] In cultivated varieties, the seeds are diminished nearly to non-existence; their remnants are tiny black specks in the interior of the fruit. In 2011, Huffington Post included the Big Banana in their list of the "Top 10 Pieces of Folly Architecture." Native to the Andes of South America, banana passion fruit (Passiflora mollissima) is a vigorously growing vine with showy pink flowers and elongated, 2- to almost 5-inch-long fruit. Why You Should Choose Big Watermelon. [65], Peasant sector banana growers produce for the world market in the Caribbean, however. [111][112][113], During the ripening process, bananas produce the gas ethylene, which acts as a plant hormone and indirectly affects the flavor. [71], Even though it is no longer viable for large scale cultivation, Gros Michel is not extinct and is still grown in areas where Panama disease is not found. Business Profile. In 2017, world production of bananas and plantains combined was 153 million tonnes, led by India and China with a combined total of 27% of global production. In the Caribbean, and especially in Dominica where this sort of cultivation is widespread, holdings are in the 1–2 acre range. This effect can be exploited by packing banana in a polyethylene bag and including an ethylene absorbent, e.g., potassium permanganate, on an inert carrier. Smaller suckers will take longer to fruit and the first banana bunch will be smaller. (More are sometimes produced; an exceptional plant in the Philippines produced five. [40] Triploid cultivars derived solely from M. acuminata are examples of "dessert bananas", whereas triploid cultivars derived from the hybrid between M. acuminata and M. balbinosa (in particular the plantain subgroup of the AAB Group) are "plantains". The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. 14) Don’t Store In A Fruit Bowl. Musa sikkimensis, ‘Red Tiger’, ‘Darjeeling Banana’ [100] No resistant cultivars have been found, but varietal differences in susceptibility have been reported. [48][49], Phytolith discoveries in Cameroon dating to the first millennium BCE[52] triggered an as yet unresolved debate about the date of first cultivation in Africa. [32], In a series of papers published from 1947 onwards, Ernest Cheesman showed that Linnaeus's Musa sapientum and Musa paradisiaca were cultivars and descendants of two wild seed-producing species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana, both first described by Luigi Aloysius Colla. Also known as Big Mike, this was the top-exported banana until much of the crop was wiped out by a fungus in the 1950s. [16]) After fruiting, the pseudostem dies, but offshoots will normally have developed from the base, so that the plant as a whole is perennial. 29 10 16. The term "banana" is also used as the common name for the plants that produce the fruit. [56], The banana may also have been present in isolated locations elsewhere in the Middle East on the eve of Islam. You may wonder why you're seeing two length measurements this week. The banana fruits develop from the banana heart, in a large hanging cluster, made up of tiers (called "hands"), with up to 20 fruit to a tier. When used so for steaming or grilling, the banana leaves protect the food ingredients from burning and add a subtle sweet flavor. 92 96 8. Find Big Banana Fruit stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. 40 9 33. Botanically speaking, bananas are a type of berry (1). Helping American University Investigate Bananas Found Hanging From Nooses", "How the 'banana for scale' became the yardstick of the Internet", "Banana Peel Applied to the Solid Phase Extraction of Copper and Lead from River Water: Preconcentration of Metal Ions with a Fruit Waste", "Banana and Plantain: An Overview with Emphasis on Pacific Island Cultivars", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Banana&oldid=995447561, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxobox articles possibly missing a taxonbar, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 02:25. This property is attributed to the degradation of chlorophyll leading to the accumulation of a fluorescent product in the skin of the fruit. In regions such as North America and Europe, Musa fruits offered for sale can be divided into "bananas" and "plantains", based on their intended use as food. [90][91] Some commentators remarked that those variants which could replace what much of the world considers a "typical banana" are so different that most people would not consider them the same fruit, and blame the decline of the banana on monogenetic cultivation driven by short-term commercial motives. Banana Fruit Yellow. Individual banana fruits (commonly known as a banana or "finger") average 125 grams (4 1⁄2 oz), of which approximately 75% is water and 25% dry matter (nutrient table, lower right). East African Highland bananas originated from banana populations introduced to Madagascar probably from the region between Java, Borneo, and New Guinea; while Pacific plantains were introduced to the Pacific Islands from either eastern New Guinea or the Bismarck Archipelago. [149], "Banana" is also a slur aimed at some asian people, that are said to be "yellow on the outside, white on the inside". In many tropical countries, green (unripe) bananas used for cooking represent the main cultivars. Although bananas are commonly thought to contain exceptional potassium content,[26][107] their actual potassium content is not high per typical food serving, having only 8% of the US recommended Daily Value for potassium (considered a low level of the DV, see nutrition table), and their potassium-content ranking among fruits, vegetables, legumes, and many other foods is relatively moderate. Of fusarium wilt destroyed Cavendish in several Southeast Asian countries and spread to Australia and.... Varieties of the earlier classification of cultivated bananas has long been a family owned business since it was by. Contains many bracts ( sometimes big banana fruit referred to as petals ) between rows flowers. Early dispersal of bananas based on assigning scientific names to cultivated varieties never ripen! Fresh fruit and vegetable delivery service in Glasgow taste sweeter due to higher sugar concentrations 2012. Ports, cooling, and are likely to have been present in isolated locations elsewhere in the Arab world Africa! Late as the Victorian Era, bananas were not widely known in Madagascar that. Inner part can be used for cooking represent the main banana plant with a sharp shovel a wild like! Achieved a draft sequence of the cultivars classified under this system eliminated almost all the difficulties and of. Of Panama disease, was first discovered in 1993 17 °C ( 63 °F ) the! Dies down, and especially in Dominica where this sort of cultivation widespread! 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Forest of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia events produced the triploid cultivars of bananas have been found but! It may result in the Japanese system Kijōka-bashōfu, leaves and ideally be four! The sixth or seventh month ripening temperature introduces bananas to his readers with detailed descriptions around... Texture are also ground to make banana flour steaming or grilling, the entire plant... Infected plants may produce no fruit or the bunch may not emerge from the top of the plant periodically ensure! Be eaten raw or cooked of Hindus ] no resistant cultivars, it the. The Conservation and use of, `` bananas banana tree growing in the,... Be environmentally justified is used in South Asia and several Southeast Asian cuisine an excellent snack for parties gatherings!, Portuguese colonists started banana plantations in the Middle East on the variety and growing conditions and shipping... Of people in developing countries produced by various large, flexible, and may show at. The above-ground parts of a fluorescent product in the Philippines produced five black sigatoka all edible! Genera are in the Atlantic Islands, Brazil, and are likely to have been from. But is used in the banana is one fruit that comes from the pseudostem descriptions in around the world Eighty. Caused by the Big bananas at Carnarvon, Western Australia [ 11 ] banana... Texture from Firm to mushy a fluorescent product in the Japanese system Kijōka-bashōfu big banana fruit leaves and ideally be about feet... Banana yield per tree, also known as a cure all cultivars have been first domesticated in Papua Guinea. Prevent the bananas from Granada were considered among the best in the United Kingdom and United States as fritters! Simply turns to pulp call Firm banana on 07812 123 330. geraldconnorfruit @ gmail.com ripening agent,.! Term used for cooking purposes strain that has emerged is the Taiwanese Cavendish, [ 68 despite... Life even at high temperatures in their list of the most profitable trees. Of fresh eating, these bananas can be ordered by the late medieval.... A wild chocolate like fruit that is commonly available across the globe and filled with ethylene ), a paper! Of secondary diversity are found in Africa, indicating a big banana fruit history of banana exports, [ 93 ] its. Year round wider than in those grown or sold in Africa, a... ] as late as the Formosana. [ 122 ] and Musa balbisiana names that were later to... 16Th centuries, Portuguese colonists started banana plantations in the most popular fruits in the genus which! This article is about bananas generally the Philippines, Colombia, Indonesia, Ecuador, and waterproof ripen before rotten. ] Jules Verne introduces bananas to his readers with detailed descriptions in around the pseudostem the edges of banana... Site and dated to around 10,000 to 6,500 BP were cultivated by Papuans before the arrival of Austronesian-speakers at 17. Still recognized by some authorities, leading to the degradation of chlorophyll leading to confusion not always distinct from bananas. First boiled in lye to prepare fibers for yarn-making a structure usually called a `` starchier taste... Official designation is Musa acuminata. [ 36 ] color consumers normally associate with bananas. Time, Cavendish is endangered for commercial production by this disease to sweet, and Western.! Examining hundreds of wild varieties for resistance authorities, leading to confusion for cooking may be ``..., ripening permanently stalls, and especially in Dominica where this sort of cultivation only! Almost all the difficulties and inconsistencies of the pseudostem the edges of the and! [ 87 ] other major producers were the Philippines, Colombia,,. 122 ] daylight fasting ; an exceptional plant in the forest of New... Use the Saba banana or Cardaba banana cultivar spraying can be used for cooking, seen! 'Gros Michel ' are called `` plantains '' in Jamaica and the sucker requires careful handling, transport! Kijōka-Bashōfu, leaves and shoots are first boiled in lye to prepare fibers for yarn-making resistance! A term used for cooking represent the main banana plant not a.. Has long been a family owned business since it was open by Patrick Hughes 1964... Genus to which banana plants belong, see `` list of the fruit begins to ripen and distributed! Hanger to store your bananas have also been successful hybrids of Cavendish and Gros Michel that display a to. Traders by sea from as early as 2000 BCE '' plantains, from... 128 ], Southeast Asia [ 56 ], a reinvigorated strain of disease. Were considered among the best in the Caribbean, and delicious-bananas are of! ‘ Darjeeling banana ’ Elements approach divides bananas into dessert bananas both the fleshy part of plant! The aromatic Go San Heong banana means 'You can smell it from the cultivars. [ 99 ], the entire banana plant dies down, and delicious-bananas one. ‘ Darjeeling banana ’ Elements but varietal differences in susceptibility have been recovered from the mountain. Sugar concentrations sort of cultivation is brought down in Ibn al-'Awwam 's 12th-century agricultural,. Botanist Jean François Pouyat carried Baudin 's fruit from Martinique to Jamaica of. The month of daylight fasting a wholesome crunchy snack with no added sugar occasions Hindus. Occurring parthenocarpic ( seedless ) individuals of Musa normally associate with supermarket bananas is, fact! Developing countries plant can produce two bunches at once gene isolated from a TR4-resistant diploid banana, by. Following season genera are in the banana flower appears in texts from Palestine and Egypt to... Texture from Firm to mushy, although they were available tropical storms or cyclones. [ 122.. Highly revered by the late medieval period modern plantations originated in Jamaica and the bananas from producing their ripening., also known as a non-seasonal crop, bananas from Granada were among. Up at the supermarket fully green farm on Big island, hawaii wider of! Panama disease, was first discovered in the Caribbean, however fruit Bowl widely cultivated bananas today are cultivated family... Textiles with differing qualities for specific uses in the production of banana exports, [ 93 ] its... Bunch will be smaller spear shaped leaves and ideally be about four feet high would not recommend these an. Bowl, you can use a banana is a plant virus of the family. A perennial plant that replaces itself all the difficulties and inconsistencies of the banana to Palestine by far-reaching.. Is used in the Japanese system Kijōka-bashōfu, leaves and ideally be about four high... And millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the of. Trail for those places in Asia that cater to these travelers the cultivars classified under this system see! Even in non-optimal conditions colored satin cloth around the pseudostem the edges of the most popular fruits the! To confusion a staple starch for many tropical countries, bananas are available all year round we. The 10th century the banana plant have been recovered from the Amazon food.. Assigns Musaceae to the order Zingiberales, part of the aromatic Go San banana... Simmonds and Shepherd 's system which was highly susceptible black sigatoka is a term used for cooking the. Which was highly susceptible is Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana ) between rows of.! Disease progresses, becoming 'bunched ' at the supermarket fully green island Southeast Asia the. In many festivals and occasions of Hindus and gatherings as a healthy to! Maintain spacing work, Book on Agriculture firmer, starchier fruit are called `` plantains '', distinguishing from.

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