acacia auriculiformis dmt

Experimental results suggest that A. auriculiformis shows some resistance to termites (Turnbull and Awang, 1997). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. These studies showed about 73% of the isoenzyme variation was among progenies within populations and indicated that weight should be given to both intra- and inter-population genetic variability in initial selections in domestication programmes of this species (Wickneswari and Norwati, 1991, 1993). Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, Maslin, B. R., Miller, J. T., Seigler, D. S., 2003. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986. ex Benth., Acacia mangium Willd. The charcoal is not very heavy, burns well and does not smoke or spark (Wiersum and Ramlan, 1982) with physical properties, calorific value and burning properties described by Yantasath et al. Growing Australian multipurpose trees and shrubs in Developing Countries. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 11. Arlington, Virginia, USA: NatureServe. Report on invasive plant species in Tonga. However, for most of the planted and natural distribution, rainfall is generally much lower (up to 2500 mm), with a summer monsoonal pattern and most rain falling from December to March. Vacuum drying of pollen and storage in a deep freeze is recommended for the medium length storage (3 years) of pollen used in crossing programmes of these species (Harbard et al., 1994). Systematics and phytogeography of Australian species of Acacia: an overview. Invasive plant species., Bahamas Environment, Science and Technology (BEST) Commission. Tissue culture of Acacia mangium, Acacia auriculiformis and Acacia hybrid. ASEAN Biodiversity. Acacias for fuelwood and charcoal In: Awang K, Taylor DA, eds. Integrated management of nonnative plants in natural areas of Florida. In an experiment in Thailand, it continued growing under saline conditions ranging from 0.15 to 7.25 dS/m, in both wet and dry soils (Turnbull and Awang, 1997). Acacia auriculiformis. http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html, Bleeker P, 1983. Storage of Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis pollen. 1995. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://www.best.bs/Invasive_plant_species.htm, http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html, http://www.boldsystems.org/index.php/TaxBrowser_Home, http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T19891902A19997222.en, http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/apex/f?p=185:3:0::NO, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, http://apps.kew.org/seedlist/SeedlistServlet, http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/WG/WG20900.pdf, http://explorer.natureserve.org/index.htm, http://www.hear.org/pier_v3.3/tongareport.htm, http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/html/acacia_auriculiformis.htm, http://herbariodb.uprrp.edu/Bol/uprrp/Search, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, http://www.worldagroforestrycentre.org/Sites/TreeDBS/AFT/AFT.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Tropical trees: The Potential for Domestication and Rebuilding of Forest Resources. An overview of invasive plants in Brazil, 3, 431-446. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016. In: Online Portal of India Biodiversity, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. A. auriculiformis is related to A. polystachya , A. cincinnata. 35, 94-95; 1 ref, Wiersum KF, Ramlan A, 1982. UPRRP Herbarium., University of Puerto Rico. http://www.tropicos.org/. Acacia mearnsii is a plant of warm temperate to subtropical areas, it can also be grown at moderate to high elevations in the tropics. In: The Prevention and Management of Invasive Alien Species: Forging Cooperation throughout South and Southeast Asia Proceedings of a conference held in Bangkok, Thailand 14-16 August, 2002. Allelopathic effects of invasive Acacia mangium on germination and growth of local paddy varieties. Acacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle); open seed pod. It has been planted in various countries for pulp and wood production (Logan, 1987). Acacia auriculiformis. 2, http://worldwidewattle.com, Wunderlin RP, Hansen BF, 2016. It had been shown to affect the germination and growth of herbaceous plants, including wheat (Ismail and Metali, 2014). It is generally agreed that there are valid reasons for breaking it up into several distinct genera, but … and most often associated with stem borer damage, pink disease (Erythricium salmonicolor) which is most prevalent in high rainfall areas, and phyllode rust (Endoraecium digitatum) which has impaired the growth of A. auriculiformis in Australia and Indonesia. Hello all, It's no news that the vast Acacia genus is one of the most interesting tree groups for both gardeners and researchers. Bois et Forets des Tropiques, No. WorldWideWattle ver. In Queensland it is mainly restricted to river banks and drainage lines. Zenni R D, Ziller S R, 2011. The heartwood is typically hard and durable, but the sapwood is highly susceptible to termite and borer attack and requires preservative treatment when in contact with the soil. Introduced and cultivated on Tobi, Koror, Malakal, Ngercheu, Ngerkebesang and Peleliu Islands, Bahia coastal forests, Bahia interior forests, Serra do Mar coastal forests, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. It is also listed as invasive in the Bahamas (BEST Commission, 2003). Version 7.1. Acacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle); seed. It is listed as invasive in Asia (Bangladesh, Singapore), Africa (Comoros, Mayotte, Tanzania), North America (Florida, USA), the Caribbean (Bahamas) and Oceania (Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Guam) (Islam, 2002; SE-EEPC, 2002; Tan and Tan, 2002; Kotiluoto et al., 2009; PIER, 2016. Proceedings QFRI-IUFRO conference, Caloundra, Queensland, Australia, 27 October-1 November 1996. 248, 5-16; With extended English summary; 39 ref, National Academy of Sciences, 1983. General Plant Info. A preliminary study of fodder values has shown that A. auriculiformis meets the minimum requirements for certain nutrients and warrants further investigation (Vercoe, 1989). Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics., viii + 384 pp. The provenances with the greatest volume production were from Papua New Guinea. PROTA4U web database., Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. A. auriculiformis is presently rare or uncommon in American Samoa but was listed among those naturalized species considered invasive elsewhere and classed as common or weedy (Space and Flynn, 2000). Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. Invasive alien species in Singapore: a review. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. Australian Journal of Botany, 41(1):65-77; 53 ref, Wickneswari R, Norwati M, Turnbull JW, 1991. Phyllodes are retained during the dry season; their average life is about 1 year in west Java, Indonesia. Survival and early growth of Australian tree species planted at a termite-infested site in Zimbabwe. Acacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle); habit, forest tree form. Effect of ethanolic extract of Acacia auriculiformis leaves on learning and memory in rats, 6(3), 246-250. http://phcogres.com/article.asp?issn=0974-8490;year=2014;volume=6;issue=3;spage=246;epage=250;aulast=Sharma, Arisman H, Havmoller P, 1994. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Pollination is by insects (PROTA, 2016). Plant resources of southeast Asia. 2e partie - les plantations.] in the La Mesa Watershed and Mt. In Florida, USA, A. auriculiformis is a category 1 alien plant (Langeland and Burks, 1998), and it is prohibited in Miami-Dade County (PROTA, 2016). and Pterocarpus indicus Willd. Breeding technologies for tropical acacias. (col.); 146 ref. Soils of Papua New Guinea. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.htm, Pinyopusarerk K, 1990. Trees for Darwin and northern Australia. Canberra, Australia: CSIRO and Australian National University Press, Boland DJ, 1989. Islam (2002) reports that following recent introduction of this species to Bangladesh, A. auriculiformis germinates naturally in plantation forests and prevents the germination of native species. London, UK: HMSO, 189-194, Brock J, 1988. Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. The relative performance of provenances of A. auriculiformis in provenance trials on several sites in Vietnam has been reported by Nguyen Hoang Nghia and Le Dinh Kha (1996). It has been used widely in revegetating degraded land and rehabilitating grasslands in India, Indonesia and Vietnam. Being a nitrogen fixing tree it affects the local nitrogen cycling (Gordon, 1998). auri. ITE Symposium No. Plant resources of South-East Asia No. ACIAR-Proceedings-Series, No. Genetic variation for salt and waterlogging tolerance of Acacia auriculiformis. It is also found in littoral rain forest behind either mangroves or coastal dunes. Also cultivated, Fefan, Tol, Weno and Yap Islands. Acacia auriculiformis: an annotated bibliography. Seedlings grow quickly and reach a height of 25-30 cm in 3-4 months, 6 m in 2 years, and 6-12 m in 3 years under favourable conditions (Turnbull and Awang, 1997). 1995, 21(1):26-30; 4 ref, Paijmans K, Blake DJ, Bleeker P, McAlpine JR, 1971. 1997. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. In: Turnbull JW, ed. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986. auriculiformis is predominantly outcrossing (Moran et al., 1989; Ibrahim, 1991; Khasa et al., 1993) and exhibits marked genetic variation. Acacia auriculiformis: 5-MeO-DMT in stem bark [35] Acacia baileyana: 0.02% tryptamine and β-carbolines, in the leaf, Tetrahydroharman [28] [36] [37] Acacia beauverdiana: Psychoactive [38] Ash used in Pituri. Some authors used Heterophyllum instead of Phyllodineae as the name for the last subgenus (Mabberley, 1997). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. This page was last modified on 27 January 2015, at 04:36. 2., http://worldwidewattle.com. 80 pp. Acacia auriculiformis: 5-MeO-DMT in stem bark [28] Acacia baileyana: 0.02% tryptamine and β-carbolines, in the leaf, Tetrahydroharman [21] [29] [30] Acacia beauverdiana: Psychoactive [31] Ash used in Pituri. In its most recent circumscription, the genus Acacia contains seven subgenera, and A. auriculiformis is part of the subgenus Juliflorae (Benth.) 1, [ed. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Characteristics, properties and uses of timbers. Several countries state that it is being monitored in anticipation that it may become invasive following news of its invasiveness in Florida, USA. Ethanolic extracts from the leaves showed memory enhancing potential at studies by Sharma et al. Germination is rapid after suitable treatment and typically exceeds 70%. No. Commonwealth-Forestry-Review, 74(4):315-321, 386, 388; 27 ref, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, 2016. Sedgley et al. Acacia auriculiformis 5-MeO-DMT in stem bark (Lycaeum) Acacia baileyana 0.02% tryptamine and β-carbolines, in the leaf, Tetrahydroharman (Ott) Acacia berlandieri Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, N,N-Dimethylamphetamine, 4-Methoxyamphetamine, 4-Hydroxyamphetamine (Shulgin 2001) in different habitats in Unguja, Zanzibar, 47(1), 77-86. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/aje doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00920.x, Kyalangalilwa, B., Boatwright, J. S., Daru, B. H., Maurin, O., Bank, M. van der, 2013. Environmental RequirementsA. nicotine: Acacia catechu: DMT and other tryptamines in leaf, bark Acacia caven: Psychoactive: Acacia chundra: DMT and other tryptamines in leaf, bark Acacia colei: DMT: Acacia complanata ACIAR Forestry Newsletter No. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, SE-EPPC, 2002. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Introduced in various countries for its wood and pulp. Bulletin of the National Forest Tree Breeding Center, No. 558:39-53; [With English tables and figures]; 5 ref, Susanto M, 1996. There were also differences in tree quality with Queensland sources generally having the lowest occurrence of multi-stemmed trees. This nitrogen-fixing potential may only be realized in many soils if adequate fertilizer, especially phosphorus, is applied. ], Nghiem, L. T. P., Tan, H. T. W., Corlett, R. T., 2015. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, NatureServe, 2016. The hybrids with A. mangium are intermediate between the two parents in morphology and wood properties. Three year performance of international provenance trials of Acacia auriculiformis. Proceedings of an international workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 February 1991. Distribution and ecology of Papua New Guinea acacias. (2003) advised that plantings should be discontinued in Hawaii, USA due to its invasive characteristics. Acacia is a genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae (a family of legume, pea, or bean producing trees, shrubs, and plants), first described in Africa by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1773. Agroforestree Database. GISP Global Invasive Species Programme, OEPP Ministry of Science Technology and Environment, Thailand Biodiversity Center, United States Government, Ismail, N. A. N., Metali, F., 2014. Acacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) ; habit, open grown form. In: Crisp M, Doyle JJ, eds, Advances in Legume Systematics 7: Phylogeny. Seeds are transversely held in the pod, broadly ovate to elliptical, about 4-6 x 3-4 mm, [Template fetch failed for http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acacia_auriculiformis?action=render], https://wiki.dmt-nexus.me/w/index.php?title=Acacia_auriculiformis&oldid=12664. GeneticsA. Agroforestree Database., Nairobi, Kenya: ICRAF. Online Database. In: Drysdale RM, John SET, Yapa AC, eds. More commonly it is 8-20 m tall and rarely a shrub 3-5 m, heavily branched and with a short bole. Gatersleben, Germany: Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK). Provenance trial of Acacia auriculiformis in Peninsular Malaysia: 12-month performance. Fodder value of selected Australian tree and shrub species. 82-86. Yogyakarta: Forest Tree Improvement Research and Development Institute, 9-15, Tan BC, Tan KS, 2002. 34 (3), 431-446. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-84042011000300016&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en DOI:10.1590/S0100-84042011000300016, Jeanine Vélez-Gavilán, University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez. Extracts of A. auriculiformis are used by aborigines of Australia as analgesics, to treat pains and sore eyes, and to treat rheumatism (Contu, 2012; Encyclopedia of Life, 2016). Tree Improvement for Sustainable Tropical Forestry. In: ACIAR Proceedings, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 151-153. and is isolated from Diplopterys cabrerana and Psychotria viridis. Advances in tropical acacia research. Mangium and other acacias of the humid tropics. UPRRP, 2016. Acacia auriculiformis has about 47 000 seeds/kg. In: Awang K, Taylor DA, eds. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. • Inquires ~ hello@thelawncanggu.com. In: Awang K, Taylor DA, eds. Advances in tropical acacia research. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. The chromosome number reported for A. auriculiformis is 2n=26 (PROTA, 2016). Leaves: Alternate, simple, reduced to flattened blade-like phyllodes slightly curved, 11–20 … Breaking dormancy in certain Acacia spp. A. auriculiformis is a  tree that has been extensively introduced across the tropics. A. auriculiformis is reported as a dangerous tree in Florida due to its inability to withstand hurricane winds; possibly causing damage to nearby structures (Encyclopedia of Life, 2016). Acacia auriculiformis: 5-MeO-DMT in stem bark: File:Acacia baileyana.jpg Acacia baileyana: 0.02% tryptamine and β-carbolines, in the leaf, Tetrahydroharman: Acacia beauverdiana: Psychoactive Ash used in Pituri. A phylogenetic assessment of Tribe Acacieae. Breeding systems and genetic diversity in Acacia auriculiformis and A. crassicarpa. ACIAR-Proceedings-Series, No. Acacia auriculiformis: 5-MeO-DMT in stem bark: Acacia baileyana: 0.02% tryptamine and β-carbolines, in the leaf, Tetrahydroharman: Pituri. Though not widely used in agroforestry systems because of its spreading and competitive surface rooting habit, intercropping A. auriculiformis with groundnuts, rice, mung beans (Vigna radiata) and kenaf has proved to be successful (Turnbull and Awang, 1997). Proceedings of an International Workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986. Acacia species and provenance selection for large-scale planting in Vietnam. DNA barcode information for the species is available at the Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS, 2016). 47 (1), 77-86. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/aje DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00920.x. Several countries have genetic improvement programmes that aim to produce better quality seed for future planting programmes. Provenance trials on four low fertility test sites in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Khasa et al., 1995) showed variation in growth and morphological characters when assessed at ages 3, 9, 15 and 21 months. Invasive trees in Singapore: are they a threat to native forests?, 8(1), 201-214. http://tropicalconservationscience.mongabay.com/content/v8/tcs_v8i1_201-214_Nghiem.pdf, Nguyen Hoang Nghia, 1996. Many hybrids show desirable commercial characteristics such as fast growth, fine branching and straight boles. Description. It was introduced to India from Australia for forestry to be grown in monoculture energy plantations (India Biodiversity, 2016). 35, 82-86; 6 ref, Marcar NE, Hussain RW, Arunin S, Beetson T, 1991. Role of symbiotic associations in nutrition of tropical acacias. Makiling, Philippines. Physiological characteristics of Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. The shiny black seeds, held transversely in the pod, are broadly ovate to elliptical, 0.4-0.6 cm long by 0.3-0.4 cm wide, and each is encircled by a long red, yellow or orange funicle; areole large, almost enclosed. 33-34. 1. Diseases of tropical acacias. Gympie: Queensland Forestry Research Institute, 443-448, Nor Aini AS, 1993. The species has invaded disturbed areas, pinelands, scrub and hammocks in south Florida, USA and altered plant communities by displacing native plants.Impact on Habitats. A. auriculiformis was in subgenus Phyllodineae, a group containing in excess of 900 species (Maslin and McDonald, 1996). http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/apex/f?p=185:3:0::NO, Harbard J, Sedgley M, 1994. Species and provenance variation of candidate acacias for afforestation of Imperata cylindrica grasslands in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. ), Cruz P, 1995. Sedgley et al. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PIER, 2016. Boards may sometimes split when sawn. The role of acacia and eucalypt plantations for honey production. Introduction of Acacia species to Peninsular Malaysia. In Australia, Malaysia and the Philippines it has grown on acid mine spoils of pH 3 (NAS, 1983), while A. auriculiformis is one of the few tree species to become widely planted on the acid sulphate soils (pH 3) of the Mekong Delta of Vietnam (Nguyen Hoang Nghia, 1996). 35:229-232; 3 ref, Maslin BR, 1995. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Puangchit L, Woo KC, Montagu K, 1996. http://www.worldagroforestrycentre.org/Sites/TreeDBS/AFT/AFT.htm, WorldWideWattle, 2016. In: The Prevention and Management of Invasive Alien Species: Forging Cooperation throughout South and Southeast Asia Proceedings of a conference held in Bangkok, Thailand 14-16 August, 2002. Seed Research, publ. This beautiful tree indigenous to Taiwan has become a popular choice for modern ayahuasca brews due to its exceptional strength. ex Benth., orth. Acacia auriculiformis, commonly known as Auri, Earleaf acacia, Earpod wattle, Northern black wattle, Papuan wattle, Tan wattle, is a fast-growing, crooked, gnarly tree in the family Fabaceae. 189-194. ex Benth., Acacia mangium Willd. Flowers are rod-like, yellow, and occur in spring or other times, depending on rain. 29, ECTF Symposium No. Acacia auriculiformis. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. It grows between to 15-30 m tall, with a trunk up to 12 m long and 50 cm in diameter. Climatic requirements of some main plantation tree species in Vietnam. The use of tree legumes for fuelwood production. Acacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle); flowering twig. In: Dieters MJ, Matheson AC, Nikles DG, Harwood CE, Walker SM, eds. You can find the psychoactive substance in the tree’s stem bark, and it is used in traditional and folklore remedies. The Australian species (including A. auriculiformis) retain the genus name Acacia, while African species in this classification were renamed as Vachellia in 2005.Acacia auriculiformis was published in Hooker's London J. Bot. Reproductive biology and interspecific hybridisation of Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. Acid scarification and hot water soaking of Racosperma auriculiforme seeds. Winrock International and Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Pinyopusarerk K, 1993. Physiological characteristics of Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. Silvicultural characteristics associated with the ecology and parasitic habit of sandalwood. Stressed trees are particularly susceptible to attacks by insect pests. Derivation and dispersal of Acacia (Leguminosae), with particular reference to Australia, and the recognition of Senegalia and Racosperma. Biotropica, 21(3):250-256; 41 ref, Nasi R, Ehrhart Y, 1996. Forage tree legumes in tropical agriculture., 257-266; 28 ref, Sedgley M, Harbard J, Smith RMM, Wickneswari R, Griffin AR, 1992. 5 (2). Tree Improvement for Sustainable Tropical Forestry. Acacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle); bark. Broad-leafed form gave 0.72% total alkaloid and narrow-leafed form gave 1.5% total alkaloid. On the Oriomo Plateau of Papua New Guinea this species is common on the floodplains and levees of Bensbach and Morehead Rivers. Phyllodes are narrow to broad linear, greyish, to 7 cm. 29, ECTF Symposium No. Recent developments in improvement strategy for tropical tree species. Proceedings: International Symposium on Genetic Conservation and Production of Tropical Forest Tree Seed, 14-16 June 1993, Chiang Mai, Thailand, pp 225-228, Awang K, Venkateswarlu P, Nor Aini AS, Adjers G, Bhumibhamon S, Kietvuttinon B, Pan FJ, Pitpreecha K, Simsiri A, Awang K, 1994. The natural occurrences in western Papua New Guinea and Irian Jaya are mainly on the relict alluvial plain known as the Oriomo Plateau. Proceedings of an international workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986 [edited by Turnbull, J.W. http://www.se-eppc.org/, Skelton DJ, 1987. ex Benth., Acacia mangium Willd. A revision of Acacia Mill. 51. ACIAR Proceedings No 16:57-63, Doran JC, Turnbull JW, 1997. CSIRO Land Research Series No. One of the most common uses of acacia is for its wood. Early evaluation of seedling seed orchard of Acacia auriculiformis at 8 months after planting at South Sumatra Province in Indonesia. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T19891902A19997222.en, Dart P, Umali-Garcia M, Almendras A, 1991. Herb. Tropical Acacias in East Asia and the Pacific. BOLD Systems. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 6(3):249-256; 25 ref, Nor Aini AS, Kamis Awang, Venkateswarlu P, Abd Latib Senin, Awang K, 1994. [The Prevention and Management of Invasive Alien Species: Forging Cooperation throughout South and Southeast Asia Proceedings of a conference held in Bangkok, Thailand 14-16 August, 2002], GISP Global Invasive Species Programme, OEPP Ministry of Science Technology and Environment, Thailand Biodiversity Center, United States Government. and Hendersonula sp.) DMT is mainly found in Acacia spp. In the Northern Territory of Australia, flowering occurs from April to July with ripe seed available some 4-5 months later in August to October (Brock, 1988). No. ], [ed. ACIAR-Proceedings-Series, No. Acacia berlandieri: DMT, amphetamines, mescaline, nicotine: Acacia catechu: DMT and other tryptamines in leaf, bark Acacia caven: Psychoactive Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Australian acacias for pulpwood. PROTA4U web database. IFA Newsletter, 36(2):2-5, Maslin BR, McDonald MW, 1996. Starr F, Starr K, Loope L, 2003. It is fire adapted (EDDMapS, 2016). The wood of A. auriculiformis makes attractive furniture and veneers (PROTA, 2016). These included stem cankers caused by a range of pathogens (Botryodiplodia theobromae [Lasiodiplodia theobromae], Botryosphaeria spp. Origin: Australia, Papua New Guinea, and Indonesia Earleaf acacia was introduced into Florida in 1932 for use as an ornamental tree. http://www.tropicos.org/, Mitchell MR, Gwaze DP, Stewart HTL, 1987. Compendium record. Most botanists did not adopt Pedley's 1986 classification, principally because of insufficient evidence to support these changes (Chappill and Maslin, 1995). It has been present since 1932 in Florida, USA, where it was introduced to be used as an ornamental. Occurrences in the Northern Territory are along drainage channels just above the tidal range, on the edges of sand dunes, behind mangrove swamps, and along river levees. Seedlings in the nursery can be infected by powdery mildew (Oidium) especially where there is heavy shading (Harsh et al., 1992). The bark has sufficient tannins (about 13%) for possible commercial exploitation (Abdul Razak et al., 1981). Jakarta: Center for International Forestry Research, Otsamo AO, Nikles DG, Vuokko RHO, 1996. The data in the climate table pertain to the native range, whereas Nguyen Hoang Nghia (1996) provides a climatic profile of the species combining information from both native and planted ranges. Flowering usually starts within 2 years after sowing (Pinyopusarerk, 1990). In: Drysdale RM, John SET, Yapa AC, eds. A key to useful Australian acacias for the seasonally dry tropics. http://www.eddmaps.org/, Encyclopedia of Life, 2016. > 10°C, Cold average temp. vitatta ... All texts are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Netherlands License [29] Acacia-berlandieri-flowers4.jpg Acacia berlandieri Acacia auriculaeformis A. Cunn. Muak-Lek: ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre Project, 2 pp, Ryan PA, 1994. ACIAR Proceedings No. The yellow flower spikes can be found on individual trees throughout the year but there is usually a distinct peak flowering season that may vary considerably with location. Using the Wikipedia list of Acacia species known to contain psychoactive alkaloids as a guideline, it’s possible to narrow down the specific Australian habitats of DMT containing species using the excellent Atlas of Living Australia. Aspects of seed production and vegetative propagation of the hybrids are covered in Carron and Aken (1992). Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. London, UK: HMSO. 18:1-24, Pedley L, 1978. A. auriculiformis is also highly tolerant of acidic conditions. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/WG/WG20900.pdf, Le Dinh Kha, 1996. In Florida, triclopyr applications to basal bark and cut stumps are listed as permitted treatments (Langeland et al., 2011). 52 (4), 251-259. 1: 377 (1842). Acacia auriculiformis. Yap S K, 1987. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. Revision of extra-Australian species of Acacia - subg. Studies on natural hybrids of Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis in Vietnam. USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, Honolulu, Hawai'i, USA, Starr F, Starr K, Loope L, 2003. Some new hosts of Cuscuta sp. Abdul Razak MA, Low CK, Abu Said A, 1981. ACIAR Proceedings Series Canberra, Australia; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, No. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Canberra, Australia: Australian Government Publishing Service, Huang S, Zheng H, 1993. Invasion of A. auriculiformis is associated with changes in biodiversity. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, Vercoe TK, 1989. ACIAR Proceedings No. African Journal of Ecology. In: Dieters MJ, Matheson AC, Nikles DG, Harwood CE, Walker SM, eds. Racosperma auriculiforme (A. Cunn. Proceedings QFRI-IUFRO conference, Caloundra, Queensland, Australia, 27 October-1 November 1996. Booth TH, Turnbull JW, 1994. Overview of the generic status of Acacia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Millennium Seed Bank - Seed List. Some powdery mildews from Madhya Pradesh. ACIAR Proceedings Series, No. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Survey of heart on Acacia mangium in Sabah, Malaysia. 63, 43-49, Nguyen Hoang Nghia, Le Dinh Kha, 1996. The leaf litter is reported to be allelopathic (EDDMapS, 2016). auriculiformis occurs naturally in hot humid and hot subhumid climatic zones. A. auriculiformis is a tree from the legume family that has been introduced into tropical and subtropical areas as an ornamental, for reforestation, soil improvement and for its wood and pulp (PROTA, 2016). on slightly to moderately saline seasonally waterlogged soils in south-eastern Queensland (Marcar et al., 1991a). CABI, Undated. Invasive Acacia auriculiformis Benth. Ayahuasca, also known as yage, is a blend of two plants - the ayahuasca vine (Banisteriopsis caapi) and a shrub called chacruna (Psychotria viridis), which contains the hallucinogenic drug dimethyltryptamine ( DMT ). Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 17(2):95-102; 27 ref, Old KM, Lee SS, Sharma JK, eds, 1997. A. auriculiformis was also amongst the best performing Acacia spp. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia, 172(4), 500-523. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1095-8339 doi: 10.1111/boj.12047, Langeland KA, Burks KC, 1998. 1975. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Proceedings: International Symposium on Genetic Conservation and Production of Tropical Forest Tree Seed, 14-16 June 1993, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 199-204; 10 ref, Harsh NSK, Tiwari CK, Nath V, 1992. Top end native plants. This is due to extracts containing tannins and catechins. Kingdoms of Life being barcoded. ). Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council., Nashville, USA: http://www.se-eppc.org/. ]; 8 ref. As historically defined, Acacia (family Fabaceae, subfamily Mimosoideae) represented a cosmopolitan genus of 1200-1300 species contained in three subgenera: Acacia, Aculeiferum and Phyllodineae (Maslin, 1995). Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. ; 24 pl. The crooked and multiple stems which are a common feature of the species largely restrict its use as poles or other forms of timber that require reasonable length. Smith Point, Cobourg Peninsula, Northern Territory, Invasive plant species. Journal of Environmental Science and Management. Coppicing of Acacia auriculiformis. A. auriculiformis occurs in the lowland tropics, growing naturally in narrow belts along river banks, where it may be dominant or one of the principal species. A natural dye, used in the batik textile industry in India and Indonesia is also extracted from the bark (Encyclopedia of Life, 2016; PROTA, 2016). A. auriculiformis has associations with both ecto- and endo-mycorrhizal fungi. CABI is a registered EU trademark. (1992) found that peak flowering occurred in February to May at Atherton in Queensland, near Kuala Lumpur in Peninsular Malaysia, and Tawau in Sabah, with ripe seed pods available between October and April. Flowers are 8 cm long and in pairs, creamy yellow and sweet scented. Identification and Biology of Non-native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas. In Asia and Africa, it is planted for fuelwood, and is an outstanding fuelwood species for acid soils (Ryan et al., 1994). Seed orchards established on Melville Island in the Northern Territory of Australia (Harwood et al., 1994) have failed to produce worthwhile amounts of seed (Harwood, 1996).

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