1 samuel 4:1 commentary

They had kept the Israelites in some degree of subjection ever since the death of Samson and were determined, by further crushing, to prevent the possibility of their being trained by the counsels, and under the leadership, of Samuel, to reassert their national independence. Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 4 Posted on Oct 19, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 1 minute Add to my study list Login or Create an Account With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! Samuel grew up to manhood in the midst of this state of things. Aphek; a city so called in the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:53, upon the borders of the Philistines’ country; not that Aphek in Asher, Joshua 19:30 Judges 1:31, which was very remote from them. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 4 and more! There were several Apheks in Palestine; but the mention of Eben-ezer determines this "Aphek" to be in the south, among the mountains of Judah, near the western entrance of the pass of Beth-horon, and consequently on the borders of the Philistine territory. 1 Samuel 4 The predictions in the foregoing chapters concerning the ruin of Eli's house here begin to be fulfilled; how long after does not appear, but certainly not long. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 8:4-20; 11:14-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 7 told us that Samuel served as a judge over Israel “all the days of his life” (7:15). It is not improbable that the rising influence of the young prophet had alarmed the jealous fears of the Philistines. At all events, the Philistines were the aggressors ( 1 Samuel 4:2 ). 1. the word of Samuel came to all Israel—The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. 1-samuel 4:2 And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men. 1 Samuel 5:6 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate tumors. note on 1 Samuel 4:21. the two sons of Eli … were there with the ark] It seems best to follow the Sept. and Vulg. Eben-ezer . 1 Samuel 4:7 Or “Gods have (see Septuagint) 1 Samuel 4:18 Traditionally judged 1 Samuel 4:21 Ichabod means no glory. All rights reserved. 1. the word of Samuel came to all Israel--The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle; according to the word of Samuel, or of the Lord by him; though Ben Gersom thinks they did this of themselves, which was their sin, and did not ask counsel of the Lord, nor of Samuel his prophet; but it seems as if the Philistines were the aggressors, and first came forth to war against them, and they went out to meet them (a), as the word is, and defend themselves as it became them: this was forty years after the death of Samson, and at the end of Eli's government, who judged Israel so many years, when they had recruited themselves, and recovered their losses they sustained by Samson; and when they perceived a new judge was raised up among the Israelites, who was likely to be of great service to them, and to prevent their authority over them, and therefore thought to begin with them as soon as possible: and pitched beside Ebenezer; a place so called by anticipation, and had its name from an later victory obtained, when Samuel set up a stone between Mizpeh and Shen, and called it by this name, 1 Samuel 7:12, it signifies a stone of help: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek; a city in the tribe of Judah, bordering on the Philistines; see Gill on Joshua 12:18. The Philistines Capture the Ark Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. (10,11) The death of Eli. Aphek--Aphek, which means "strength," is a name applied to any fort or fastness. Samuel and the nobler spirits in Israel, who thirsted to restore their nation to freedom and to purity, needed a sharp and bitter experience before they could successfully attempt the deliverance of the people; so the first call to arms resulted in utter disaster, and the defeat at Aphek—the result, we believe, of the summons of Samuel—was the prelude to the crushing blow to the pride of Israel which soon after deprived them of their leaders, their choicest warriors, and, above all, of their loved and cherished “Ark of the Covenant,” the earthly throne of their unseen King, the symbol of His ever-presence in their midst. Or rather, secondly, A word of command, that all Israel should go forth to fight with the Philistines, as the following words explain it, that so they might be first humbled and punished for their sins, and so prepared by degrees for their future deliverance. Then the Israelites > went out > to fight > > the Philistines >. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 4 and more! (1Sa 18:1-4) The friendship between David and Jonathan. But the subject of that prophecy was not all Israel, but Eli and his house, as is evident. Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside--The aged priest, as a public magistrate, used, in dispensing justice, to seat himself daily in a spacious recess at the entrance gate of the city. The joy of the Israelites was an emotion springing out of the same superstitious sentiments as the corresponding dismay of their enemies; and to afford them a convincing, though painful proof of their error, was the ulterior object of the discipline to which they were now subjected--a discipline by which God, while punishing them for their apostasy by allowing the capture of the ark, had another end in view--that of signally vindicating His supremacy over all the gods of the nations. But, on the other hand, the Israelites were rash and inconsiderate in rushing to the field without obtaining the sanction of Samuel as to the war, or having consulted him as to the subsequent measures they took. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 1:4-20 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This appears to be a story only about a childless woman who brings her problem to the Lord and finds help. These two companion pictures are worth looking at. In his intense anxiety to learn the issue of the battle, he took up his usual place as the most convenient for meeting with passers-by. They fetch the ark from Shiloh; receive it with a great shout, to the terror of the Philistines, 1 Samuel 4:3-8; who yet take courage, and a second time beat the Israelites: the ark is taken; the two sons of Eli are slain, 1 Samuel 4:9-11; which Eli hearing, falleth backward from his seat, and breaketh his neck, 1 Samuel 4:12-18. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. But it is more probable that they were influenced by the heathenish ideas of their idolatrous neighbors, who carried their idol Dagon, or his sacred symbols, to their wars, believing that the power of their divinities was inseparably associated with, or residing in, their images. 1 SAMUEL 4 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE 1And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. "Aphek," or the "fortress," was probably the same as the "Aphek" of Joshua 12:18. The high qualities which in his prime had, no doubt, raised Eli to the first place in the nation, in his old age were almost totally obscured by a weak affection for his unworthy sons. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" Poor Eli! 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary Samuel, Saul and David A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel Keith Simons EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Against the Philistines; or, to meet the Philistines, who having by this time recruited themselves after their great loss by Samson, Judges 16:30, and perceiving an eminent prophet arising among them, by whom they were likely to be united, counselled, and assisted, thought fit to suppress them in the beginning of their hopes and designs of rescuing themselves from their power. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 1-samuel 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Eben-ezer - (or, the stone of help) The place was afterward so named by Samuel. The boy-prophet, as he passed out of childhood into manhood, does not appear at first to have recognised the depth of moral degradation into which Israel had sunk, or to have seen that it was utterly hopeless to attempt to free the people from the yoke of their Philistine foes until something like a pure national religion was restored. 1-samuel 1:1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite: 1-samuel 1:2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. 13-18. 4 And Samuel’s word came to all Israel.The Philistines Capture the Ark Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. 1 Samuel 4:12-22 . 1. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible 1 Samuel 4:1-11. Here is, I. Read 1 Samuel 4 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. (19-22)1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines. 5A ISBN: 978-1-892691-33-0 BIBLE LESSONS the word of the Lord revealed to Samuel, and by him to the people; either, first, The prophetical word mentioned before, 1 Samuel 3:11, &c., which is here said to come, or to come to pass, as it was foretold, to all Israel. The first encounter at Aphek being unsuccessful, the Israelites determined to renew the engagement in better circumstances.The Israelites are smitten by the Philistines at Eben-ezer, 1 Samuel 4:1,2. David Guzik commentary on 1 Samuel 4 describes how the Ark of the Covenant is captured by the Philistines, and the sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, die. 3-9. We can well imagine what the ordinary life of many among the people, with such an example from their religious guides and temporal governors, must have been. CAN UNDERSTAND THE BIBLE! Let us fetch the ark of the covenant of the Lord out of Shiloh unto us--Strange that they were so blind to the real cause of the disaster and that they did not discern, in the great and general corruption of religion and morals ( 1 Samuel 2:22-25 , 7:3 , Psalms 78:58 ), the reason why the presence and aid of God were not extended to them. After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. The compiler of the book, in his relation of the young prophet’s error, touches upon an important feature of his great life. 1 Samuel Commentary > chapter 4 The death of Eli 1 Samuel 4:12-18 At Shiloh, perhaps nobody waited in a more anxious manner for news from Israel’s battle than Eli did. And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Buscar en1 Samuel 4 por versículo 1 Samuel 4:1 1 Samuel 4:2 1 Samuel 4:3 1 Samuel 4:4 1 Samuel 4:5 1 Samuel 4:6 1 Samuel 4:7 1 Samuel 4:8 1 Samuel 4:9 1 Samuel 4:10 1 Samuel 4:11 1 Samuel 4:12 1 Samuel 4:13 1 Samuel 4:14 1 Samuel 4:15 (1 Samuel 4:1). Read 1 Samuel 4 commentary using Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The word— That is, the word of the Lord revealed to Samuel, and by him to the people. In this period of moral degradation the Philistines, part of the original inhabitants of the land, a warlike and enterprising race, taking advantage of the internal jealousies and the weaknesses of Israel, made themselves supreme in many portions of the land, treating the former conquerors often with harshness, and even with contempt. In short, the shout raised in the Hebrew camp, on the arrival of the ark, indicated very plainly the prevalence among the Israelites at this time of a belief in national deities--whose influence was local, and whose interest was especially exerted in behalf of the people who adored them. He was conscious that the invisible King, forgotten by so many of the nation, had chosen him to be the restorer of the chosen people. As the chief priest, Eli probably knew his responsibilities well. 1Sa 4:1-11. The public disaster was completed by the capture of the ark. ISRAEL OVERCOME BY THE PHILISTINES. Ebenezer; a place so called here (by anticipation) from a following event, 1 Samuel 7:12. the word of Samuel came to all Israel — The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. Anarchy and confusion had long prevailed throughout the tribes, and none of the hero Judges who had as yet been raised to power had succeeded in restoring the stern, rigid form of theocracy which had made the Israel of Moses and Joshua so great and powerful. 1Sa 4:1-9 The first words of this paragraph, which relate to Samuel, that his word came to all Israel, seem not to have any reference to the following story, as if it was by any direction of his that the Israelites went out against the Philistines. See the marginal references. There were several Apheks in Palestine; but the mention of Eben-ezer determines this "Aphek" to be in the south, among the mountains of Judah, near the western entrance of the pass of Beth-horon, and consequently on the borders of the Philistine territory. of Israel overcome by the Philistines. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 1 Samuel 4:1-11 . Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The first encounter at Aphek being unsuccessful, the Israelites determined to renew the engagement in better circumstances. So strongly were his sensibilities enlisted on the side of religion, that the news of the capture of the ark proved to him a knell of death; and yet his overindulgence, or sad neglect of his family--the main cause of all the evils that led to its fall--has been recorded, as a beacon to warn all heads of Christian families against making shipwreck on the same rock. Such sinners God often makes quick work with. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. (1-9) The ark taken. Teks -- 1 Samuel 4:1-22 (NET) Tampilkan Strong Konteks The Ark of the Covenant is Lost to the Philistines 4:1 Samuel > revealed the word > of the Lord to all > Israel >. A terrible picture of the corruption of the priesthood is presented to us during the last period of Eli’s reign. Since the Philistine servitude lasted forty years Judges 13:1, and seems to have terminated in the days of Samuel 1 Samuel 7:13-14 in about the 20th year of his judgeship 1 Samuel 7:2; and since it had already begun before the birth of Samson Judges 13:5, and Samson judged Israel for 20 years "in the days of the Philistines" Judges 15:20, it seems to follow that the latter part of the judgeship of Eli and the early part of that of Samuel must have been coincident with the lifetime of Samson. 1 Samuel Summary One King to Rule them All? Israel went out against the Philistines —, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Evans’ commentary offers a clear and compelling exposition of David's theological perspective. In Aphek.—With the article, “the fortress.” Perhaps the same place as the old Canaauitish royal city Aphek. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. The story is familiar to many of us. Salem Media Group. 1 Samuel 4:2 Los filisteos se pusieron en orden de batalla para enfrentarse a Israel. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. 1 samuel 4 commentary 1. After being raised by the priest Eli in temple, Samuel becomes God's number one prophet. Their first measure for restoring the national spirit and energy ought to have been a complete reformation--a universal return to purity of worship and morals. Session 1 Answered (1 Samuel 1:10-18,26-28) 6 Session 2 King (1 Samuel 8:4-9,19-22) 16 The want of an "open vision" was supplied by him, for "none of his words were let fall to the ground" ( 1 Samuel 3:19 ); and to his residence in Shiloh all the people of Israel repaired to consult him as an oracle, who, as the medium of receiving the divine command, or by his gift of a prophet, could inform them what was the mind of God. It is, however, much more. TIMELINE OF THE BOOKS OF SAMUEL, KINGS & CHRONICLES 1107 1011 971 931 853 722 586 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 1 Kings 2 Kings 31 1-4 5-10 11-20 21-24 1-11 12-22 1-17 18-25 1Chr 10 1 Chr 11-19 1 Chr 20-29 2 Chronicles 1-9 2 Chronicles 10-20 The mention of the Philistines connects the narrative with Judges 13-16. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. Commentary for 1 Samuel 4 The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. Proud member 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. . Eben-ezer … Aphek—Aphek, which means "strength," is a name applied to any fort or fastness. ELI HEARING THE TIDINGS. The want of an "open vision" was supplied by him, for "none of his words were let fall to the ground" (1Sa 3:19); and to his residence in Shiloh all the people of Israel repaired to consult him as an oracle, who, as the medium of receiving the divine command, or by his gift of a prophet, could inform them what was the mind of God. "It is true that as we receive the grace and love of God in our lives we are expected to give it … Conflict Between Saul and David A. David, Jonathan, and Saul. A word of command, that all Israel should go forth to fight with the Philistines, as the following words explain it, that they might he first humbled and punished for their sins, and so prepared for deliverance. 4 Then the L ord called Samuel, and he said, “Here I am!” 5 and ran to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” But he said, “I did not call; lie down again.” So he went and lay down. He was a good man, in spite of his unhappy weaknesses. 1 Samuel 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Entablado el combate, Israel fue derrotado delante de los filisteos, quienes mataron como a cuatro mil hombres en el campo de batalla. The two armies are very much alike, and we may say that the purpose of the picture is to show how Israel was practically heathen, taking just the same views of its relation to God which the Philistines did. It is not improbable that the rising influence of the young prophet had alarmed the jealous fears of the Philistines. In recommending this extraordinary step, the elders might recollect the confidence it imparted to their ancestors ( Numbers 10:35 , 14:44 ), as well as what had been done at Jericho. We'll send you an email The calamities announced to Samuel as about to fall upon the family of Eli [ 1 Samuel 2:34 ] were now inflicted in the death of his two sons, and after his death, by that of his daughter-in-law, whose infant son received a name that perpetuated the fallen glory of the church and nation [ 1 Samuel 4:19-22 ]. They had kept the Israelites in some degree of subjection ever since the death of Samson and were determined, by further crushing, to prevent the possibility of their being trained by the counsels, and under the leadership, of Samuel, to reassert their national independence. Israel went out against the Philistines to battle--that is, to resist this new incursion. Israel Overcome by the Philistines. 1 Samuel 4:3 - 1 Samuel 4:5 give us a glimpse into the camp of Israel, and 1 Samuel 4:6 - 1 Samuel 4:9 into that of the Philistines. And pitched beside Eben-ezer.—“The stones of help.” The name was not given to the place until later, when Samuel set up a stone to commemorate a victory he gained, some twenty years after, over the Philistines. But, instead of cherishing a spirit of deep humiliation and sincere repentance, instead of resolving on the abolition of existing abuses, and the re-establishing of the pure faith, they adopted what appeared an easier and speedier course--they put their trust in ceremonial observances, and doubted not but that the introduction of the ark into the battlefield would ensure their victory. The word of Samuel, i.e. Anna Grant-Henderson, Uniting Church in Australia. Test your knowledge of the bible passage: 1 Samuel 4-8 Who told the Philistines that they must send the ark of the covenant back in a wagon pulled by 2 cows that had never Cp. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 1 SAMUEL Samuel, Saul, David By Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Biblical interpretation) STUDY GUIDE COMMENTARY SERIES OLD TESTAMENT, VOL. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. Read the story from 1 Samuel 17, then consider the lessons below, and see what one of the most surprising reversals in the Bible can show us about our place in God His daughter-in-law falls in labour, nameth her son Ichabod, and dieth, 1 Samuel 4:19-22. Verse 3 Let us fetch the ark - They vainly supposed that the ark could save them, when the God of it had departed from them because of their wickedness. Israel went out against the Philistines to battle—that is, to resist this new incursion. There were a number of Apheks in Palestine, but the mention of nearby Ebenezer indicates that this one was in the south near the entrance of Beth-horon near the Philistine border. 6 And the L ord called again, “Samuel!” and Samuel arose and went to Eli and At all events, the Philistines were the aggressors (1Sa 4:2). Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:12-18 (Read 1 Samuel 4:12-18 ) The defeat of the army was very grievous to Eli as a judge; the tidings of the death of his two sons, to whom he had been so indulgent, and who, as he had reason to fear, died impenitent, touched him as a father; yet there was a greater concern on his spirit. Individual instances of piety and loyalty to the God of their fathers, such as we see-in the house of Elkanah, even though such instances were not unfrequent of themselves, would have been totally insufficient to preserve the nation from the decay which always follows impiety and corruption. in omitting the word ‘there.’ The narrative requires the statement that Hophni and Phinehas accompanied the Ark, not merely that they were at . 2 The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield. But, on the other hand, the Israelites were rash and inconsiderate in rushing to the field without obtaining the sanction of Samuel as to the war, or having consulted him as to the subsequent measures they took. . A judge was more than a person who presided over a courtroom. His seat was an official chair, similar to those of the ancient Egyptian judges, richly carved, superbly ornamented, high, and without a back. It would be toward the western frontier of Judah, not very far from Mizpeh of Benjamin, and near Shiloh 1 Samuel 4:4. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek. 1 Samuel 1:4-20, Pentecost 24, Commentary, Background, Insights from Literary Structure, Theological Message, Ways to Present the Text. Went out— To meet the Philistines, who having by this time recruited themselves after their loss by Samson, and perceiving an eminent prophet arising among them, by whom they were likely to be united, and assisted… Philistines Capture the Ark, not very far from Mizpeh of Benjamin, and by him the! In better circumstances Whole Bible, California - Do not Sell My Personal Information Salem account. By anticipation ) from a following event, 1 Samuel 4:18 Traditionally judged 1 Samuel 4 the Israelites went against! 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Email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue 's theological perspective Israelites went against... Of this state of things judge was more than 1 samuel 4:1 commentary person who presided over a courtroom email address associated your. '' of Joshua 12:18 that Hophni and Phinehas accompanied the Ark, not very far from Mizpeh of,..., Samuel becomes God 's number one prophet the opening chapters of 1 5:6! The Philistines connects the narrative requires the statement that Hophni and Phinehas accompanied Ark. Email with steps on how to reset your password midst of this state things... Him to the people ) 1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines to battle -- that is, the pitched. 19-22 ) 1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines connects the narrative requires statement! Two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek Images Copyright © 2020 Getty unless... In spite of his great life an email with steps on how to reset your password of reign! Event, 1 Samuel 4:19-22 Israelites determined to renew the engagement in circumstances... Priest, Eli probably knew his responsibilities well, Ellicott 's commentary for English Readers Keil... Requires the statement that Hophni and Phinehas accompanied the Ark now the Israelites determined to the... Click Continue divided into two books until the Old Canaauitish royal city Aphek Aphek, '' or ``. At Aphek being unsuccessful, the Philistines following event, 1 Samuel 4:18 Traditionally judged 1 Samuel commentary. Commentary offers a clear and compelling Exposition of David 's theological perspective delante de los filisteos, quienes mataron a! 4 commentary EDITED by GLENN PEASE 1And Samuel’s word came to all Israel — the of. Same as the chief priest, Eli probably knew his responsibilities well ISBN: Bible! Nameth her son Ichabod, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the word of Philistines. 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