native evergreen ferns

Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) Christmas ferns are hardy in USDA … I love ferns. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. This unusual looking fern with its long upright fronds resembling large single leaves. I have also had Lady Fern. Grows better on alkaline to neutral soils. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Ferns are the staple of many shade gardens. Generally, division is done every three to five years, and can be done right after the first frost in the fall (when the leaves have dropped). Strap shaped, long undivided fronds giving the plant it's common name Hart's (deer) Tongue fern. It grows 24 to 36 inches tall. intermediate wood fern, Most ferns require a moist, shady spot to grow — either in a wooded area or near the north side of a building. Christmas fern fronds are pretty distinctive, and since it’s one of the few evergreen ferns native to northeast North America, I’m pretty sure I’ve identified it correctly. Kathy Purdy is a colchicum evangelist, converting unsuspecting gardeners into colchicophiles. I want to start learning more about ferns. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Young plant of marginal wood fern. Male Fern (Dryopteris filix-mas): This vase-shaped evergreen fern grows 3 to 5 feet tall. Polystichum acrostichoides, commonly denominated Christmas fern, is a perennial, evergreen fern native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota and south to Florida and eastern Texas. Many need plenty of moisture during the growing season and should be given an inch or more of water per week if not supplied by rains. Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas Fern) ilex opaca (American Holly) Copyright © 2002–2020 ColdClimateGardening.com. Have a soil test done to check the pH, and mix ground limestone or crushed oyster shells at recommended rates into the planting area if your soil is acidic. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Northern or common maidenhair fern. Here’s what one Christmas fern looked like today. Adiantum comes from the Greek, adiantos (unwetted), referring to how the leaves shed water. I had read about the lower pinnae but they seemed to be missing on the sample I took. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Upright fronds of ebony spleenwort fern. Sandy soils also benefit from mixing in a 2-inch layer of organic material tilled in because it helps them retain moisture. A very drought-tolerant fern, it is often found in the wild growing on rock walls and slopes. Wikimedia Commons Jesmond Dene GNU Free Documentation License 1.2, Winter coloration of autumn fern fronds. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture. Holly ferns grow up to 30 inches tall depending on species. aleuticum. Chartreuse in-terrupted ferns (Osmunda claytoniana) combine well with dark evergreen ferns and variegated foliage. Slugs will occasionally eat the young fronds of variegated shield, deer, hayscented or southern shield ferns. Quality garden centers carry a variety of ferns, generally in larger sizes than can be obtained through mail order. Many ferns are also fairly easy to grow from spores by following the instructions in Cullina’s excellent book. Prefers constant moisture, but can withstand some drought. Propagate by rhizome division. For information on how to divide, see HGIC 1150, Dividing Perennials. Its sword-like fronds can grow to be 4 feet long with glossy green foliage and its clumping form can spread anywhere from 3 to 6 feet. Grow in light to full shade. It will grow throughout South Carolina. For the home gardener, division is the most practical method. It’s worth the effort and any good fern book can help. Then on the plant name for additional information. Japanese Tassel Fern (Polystichum polyblepharum): The dark, evergreen, lacy leaves of this fern grow upright 24 to 36 inches tall. While most ferns average between one and three feet tall and wide, some, such as resurrection fern, grow only a few inches tall. Blechnum chilense, Zones 7–9) is a rock-star evergreen fern that makes a huge impact in the garden. I was sad to lose it. Specializing in California native plants and habitat gardening since 1981 ... evergreen polypody. Grow in light to full shade, with constant moisture, in the mountains and piedmont only. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Frond of broad beech fern. Rhizome division. Paris (a-dee-AN-tum al-oot-IH-kum) Names: Adiantum aleuticum is also known as A. pedatum var. I hope this helps. Prefers constant moisture, but can stand some drought. Propagate by edge division. Grow in light to full shade. When a spore germinates, it becomes a small leaf-like structure called a prothallium. Provide supplemental water during dry periods. ): Bold, coarse textured evergreen leaves make these large ferns a feature in the landscape year-round. What is your favorite fern book? How do you know when your ferns need dividing? If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Grow in light to full shade. Bracken Fern fiddleheads were eaten by some natives but are now known to be poisonous to livestock & are considered carcinogenic. We have ferns at the edge of our woods, but I have never been able to tell one kind of fern from another. Dryopteris marginalis (Marginal Wood Fern) Dryopteris goldiana (Goldie’s Wood Fern) Dryopteris x australis (Dixie Wood Fern) **. Autumn Fern (Dryopteris erythrosora): The new spring leaves of this evergreen fern are coppery-pink in spring, turn green in summer and rusty-brown in fall. Native ferns offer a wide diversity of sizes, growth habits, forms, and niches for gardens. A 2- to 3-inch layer of leaves or pine straw, applied in the spring and in the fall, is an excellent mulch for ferns. Their hardiness varies, depending on the species, and they come in a wide variety of colors, sizes, and shapes. Complete organic fertilizers also work very well. The sori (spore cases) are circular on the intermediate wood fern. Posted for Wildflower Wednesday, created by Gail of Clay and Limestone, to share wildflowers/native plants no matter where you garden in the blogosphere. Propagate by rhizome division. It is a very striking fern. : Wildflower Wednesday. Thank you. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Sensitive fern. Fairview, NC 28730, Southern maidenhair fern. I thought it was about time I taught myself a bit more. Ferns may be propagated by division or from spores (see THE FERN LIFE CYCLE, below). It is wise to prepare a large area for ferns before planting, not just individual holes. Rhizome division. Grow in part shade however Christmas Fern can tolerate more sun and drought than other fern varieties. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. Asplenium scolopendrium (Hart's Tongue fern) This is another Asplenium but a very different and again unusual one. Ferns give a delicate and airy quality to a shady garden. Christmas Fern is a hardy native evergreen fern with leathery, glossy, green fronds. Sword Fern (Polystichum munitum)- The Sword Fern is one of the hardier evergreen ferns on this list making it low maintenance as well. Ferns can serve as the backbone of a shade garden by creating a beautiful setting for a variety of woodland wildflowers. One page. Fine textured ferns contrast nicely with the large leaves of hostas, the shiny leaves of hellebores and the colorful leaves of heucheras. Hayscented fern is native in the mountains of South Carolina and can be grown in the mountains and piedmont. Ferns are very sensitive to over fertilizing, so it is best to use a slow release fertilizer, such as Osmocote 14-14-14. Cinnamon fern can stand some drought in shade. Always follow package instructions for fertilizer rates. I know a fern when I see one, and that’s about it. Some ferns, such as the Christmas Fern and Intermediate Wood Fern, are evergreen, and can be found all year. Grow in light to full shade. For heavy clay soil, mix a 2-inch layer of composted pine bark or other organic material into the top 10 inches before planting to improve drainage. Kathy’s been writing since 4th grade, gardening since high school, and blogging since 2002. If you’ve noticed that the center of the clump is hollow or dead and/or the leaves are smaller than usual, it’s probably time to divide. I used to have Christmas fern but it got bullied out of a bed I guess because it disappeared. Rhizome division. Grow in light to full shade. Ferns. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Glossy, evergreen holly fern fronds. Mountain Mist Nursery Polystichum munitum. Rhizome division involves ferns that grow from thick underground stems called rhizomes. So named due to its copper color when young, our native evergreen Autumn Fern matures to a lovely dark green. You may also divide if you simply want more plants. Evergreen fern that requires cool, moist, well-drained soil in the shade. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. The identity of the next fern is more ambiguous. Clump division. Fronds and leaves form a distinctive horseshoe shape. Typically rhizomatous, native ferns are a popular choice for ground cover in shady areas. Clump division. So, which is it? This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Interesting information here. Lists of All Native Vascular Plants by New Jersey County. Edge division. Check plants for pest problems before buying. Native to drier woodland sites, this fern doesn't need the moisture you think of when you... Shrub Level. And, yes, 2 of the plants appear in 2 categories. Grows 18" to 24" high and can grow in all areas. Aleuticum is derived from the … Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis): Native throughout South Carolina, this large, coarse textured, deciduous fern can grow 3 to 6 feet tall if given ample water. Diatomaceous earth works well on slugs. Others, like royal and ostrich ferns, can tower to six feet. Fronds grow 18 to 30 inches tall. Of the ferns, Matteuccia struthiopteris (Ostrich Fern) and Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Hay-Scented Fern) spread the fastest but are deciduous. It is deciduous and grows in part to full shade in the mountains and piedmont only. I’m pretty sure this is intermediate wood fern (Dryopteris intermedia) and not lady fern (Athyrium felix-femina), but I’m not 100% certain. Others, like royal and ostrich ferns, can tower to six feet. Southern Shield Fern. Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Stately, vase-shaped form of male fern. lady fern. Christmas Fern. Sensitive Fern (Onoclea sensibilis): This coarse-textured, deciduous fern grows 24 to 30 inches tall. Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas Fern) and the Dryopteris species are evergreen but … This understated fern, native to most of the eastern U.S. is one of the easiest to . Many will grow in full shade, in areas where other plants will not grow. Semi-evergreen native to coastal areas but will grow in all. ferns, Will grow throughout South Carolina. Grow in light to full shade. Ferns. Foliar nematodes, which cause reddish brown areas between the leaf veins, can attack some ferns. Rhizome division. Edge division involves cutting divisions from the outside edges of a clump. This species also prefers constant moisture, but can withstand some drought. All ferns grow best in soils with a high organic matter content. It is native throughout South Carolina. It is native throughout South Carolina. Ebony Spleenwort (Asplenium platyneuron): This fern has erect, dark evergreen fronds 6 to 20 inches tall. It is a perennial fern native to California and Baja California. Southern Shield Fern (Thelypteris kunthii): This deciduous fern has light green fronds that grow 24 to 36 inches tall. 10 Log Gap Rd. Fiddleheads: Ostrich Fern fiddleheads are considered the best for edibility; they are more common on the east coast and are only found in BC in our region. All ferns prefer well-drained soil high in organic matter. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture in sun. Chilean hard fern (Parablechnum cordatum syn. There are three different methods for dividing ferns. Prefers moist, rich, well-drained, acidic soils in part to full shade. The native wild form of this easy and very useful evergreen fern. I do not have any knowledge of ferns either, but in my new town garden I have northern maidenhair fern, and lady fern. I actually think it is still out there. Goldenrod: This native plant should be kept out of the garden, Celandine or Celandine Poppy? A. scolopendrium is also an evergreen and a native to the British Isles and also very cold winter hardy and rated as H6 by the RHS. It grows 12 to 24 inches tall on thin, wiry stems. This native fern forms clumps and is ideal for borders, as woodland path edging or to use on shady banks for erosion control. Join me as I try to identify these two ferns. Evergreen / semi evergreen (51) Flowering (17) Long flowering (1) Low maintenance (29) Makes a good hedge or screen (4) Non poisonous (49) Plants that are native (3) Plants that help filter noise (2) Plants that show resistance to deer and rabbits (10) Plants that will cope with the odd football (6) Resistant to diseases (25) Stylish in … Marginal Wood Fern (Dryopteris marginalis): The leathery, evergreen fronds of this fern grow 24 to 36 inches tall. Grow in light to full shade anywhere in South Carolina except for along the coast. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1176 | Published: Nov 28, 2003 | Print. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Upright, vase-shaped form of scaly male fern. It grows 3 to 4 feet tall. Edge division. Clump division. Both ferns are supposed to have scales on the stipe. She would be delighted to speak to your group about colchicums or other gardening topics. Autumn Fern – 1 1/2′ – 2′. While most of the ferns discussed here prefer acidic soils with a pH of 4 to 7, both southern and northern maidenhairs as well as ebony spleenwort prefer a more alkaline soil with a pH of 7 to 8. Ferns grown in wooded areas benefit from the falling leaves and pine needles in the fall. Provide supplemental water during dry periods. Do not fertilize fall transplants. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Adaitum pedatum: Maidenhair Fern. Grow in light to full shade, with constant moisture, anywhere in South Carolina except the coast. Western Maidenhair Fern Maidenhair Fern family—Pteridaceae Adiantum aleuticum (Rupr.) So I searched online for evergreen ferns, and the name Dryopteris kept coming up. According to Missouri Botanical Garden, it “…typically grows in a fountain-like clump to 2′ tall and features leathery, lance-shaped, with evergreen (green at Christmas time as the common name suggests) fronds.”If you love boston ferns but want something … I like “Midwest Ferns” by Steve Chadde; and “Ferns & Allies of the North Woods” by Joe Walewski. glistening in filtered sunlight. Maidenhair and ebony spleenwort ferns can sometimes get scale insects, which can be treated with horticultural oil or insecticidal soaps. Rhizome division. Ever wonder what the little brown dots are on the back of a fern leaf? Brown Marmorated Stink Bug – Compiled Wisdom, short glandular hairs, visible with a good hand lens, sori (spore cases) are circular on the intermediate wood fern, Lily-Of-The-Valley, Dressed Up For A Party, How To Have Fragrant Lily-Of-The-Valley In The Middle Of The Winter, The Galanthus Gala: Where Snowdrop Addicts Get Their Fix, How To Create And Maintain Trails In Your Woods, How to Pull Your Potted Plants Through the Winter. To help you navigate this vast array of plants, select the appropriate link below to find native plants for your New Jersey county. Both are hidden under the snow right now, but one of my resolutions is to be more accurate in my plant namings. It would have been the perfect time to take photos of the ferns, but then last night it snowed and the ferns are somewhat obscured as a result. Fertilizing should be done in spring, just after new growth has begun. Instead of growing from seeds, ferns grow from spores. Christmas fern, Polystichum acrostichoides, is so named because it’s been used for holiday decorations. Evergreen Native Plants Groundcover/Herbaceous Level. Daniel J. Layton Creative Commons License 3.0, Christmas fern in late fall. For identification I think it is best to rely on regional guides. I think those sori are circular but I have trouble identifying ferns even with three books on the subject. Resurrection fern. Happy in damp shade but also in dry shade once established. Preferring partial shade Mountain Laurel is the state shrub of Pennsylvania. These lists are based on USDA … Now I try to be more careful about making notes about what I planted where. While most ferns average between one and three feet tall and wide, some, such as resurrection fern, grow only a few inches tall. It grows 10 to 15 inches tall. Rhizome division. Will grow throughout South Carolina, except for along the coast. This fern is native throughout South Carolina. This post focuses on deer resistant ferns and evergreen or semi-evergreen ferns: Ferns that add beauty to your garden. We don’t have much snow down here in North Florida. Ferns reproduce in a unique way. This festive native fern grows in far southeastern Kansas. Holly Fern (Cyrtomium spp. Do not put them into a compost pile. Sturdy evergreen fronds that eventually form a clump 3-4’ tall and wide, forming sturdy, upright majestic clumps of ... Polypodium glycyrrhiza: Licorice Fern. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Royal fern, showing brown fertile fronds. Rebecca Slater, Former HGIC Horticulture Specialist, Clemson University. Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern) is an evergreen fern native to eastern North America from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota … western sword fern. In late summer, their rich green fronds add life to the forest as other plants fade and drop their leaves. It’s so easy to think that nothing is living or growing under the snow, but all you need is a January thaw and a stroll in the woods to see that there are plants that have not given in to the onslaught of cold and snow. Grown in light to full shade, with constant moisture, anywhere in South Carolina except the coast. Prefers constant moisture, although it can withstand some drought. Blechnum spicant: Deer Fern. Clump division. This list of winter hardy fern varieties has lots of perennial fern species you can use – tall ferns, evergreen ferns, short ferns and even a few ferns that will grow in the sun. “It doesn’t matter if we sometimes show the same plants. Grow in light to full shade anywhere in South Carolina. Korean Rock Fern (Polystichum tsus-simense): Leathery, dark, evergreen leaves grow 10 to 15 inches tall in a vase-shaped form. Most prefer a shady, moist area, but not all. Prefers constant moisture, but will withstand some drought. Christmas fern, This large deciduous fern is vase shaped and will reach greatest height with ample water and rich soil. They thrive in open or dappled shade. In woodlands, they often appear as "early-colonizers" in areas that have been over-browsed by deer. Grows 3' to 4' high. Dryopteris erythrosora - Autumn Fern. Alternately, they may serve as above-ground storage … But we do have ferns and boy do we love them my current obsession is with staghorn ferns and how they love the humidity… I keep mine in the shower. Common Name Scientific Name Type Light Soil Moisture Serviceberry: Amelanchier arborea: deciduous: full / part-sun: mesic / sub-xeric: Devil’s walkingstick Not a very sharp photo when blown up, but I think the sori are circular. ©Maryland Native Plant Society PO Box 4877, Silver Spring, MD 20914 MNPS is a registered 501(c)(3) charitable organization incorporated in Maryland. Most ferns are slow growing and can take several years to reach their mature size. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Native to the Coastal Plain, and can be grown throughout South Carolina. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. The Maiden Hair Fern enjoys living in full to partial shade and can be found on north-facing slopes in wetter areas such as rock outcroppings or shaded streamsides. It had even reproduced. Cinnamon, royal and southern shield ferns will grow in full sun if constant moisture is available. This fern works brilliantly with other ferns, hostas and bergenias. PLANTS ARE AWESOME! They provide a unifying element to the woodland garden, weaving their green fronds over the forest floor. The long, elegant fronds on Autumn Fern unfurl in spring a deep orange copper color that will remain until the summer heat will gradually turns them to a deeper green. They grow with grace and are generally untouched by deer, rabbit, and disease. Sensitive Fern. In addition to Cullina’s book, my go-to books for cultivating ferns are “The Encyclopedia of Garden Ferns’ by Sue Olsen; “Ferns” by Olsen and Richie Steffen; “Ferns For American Gardens” by John Mickel; and “Fern Growers Manual” by Hoshizaki and Moran. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture if planted in sun. What you’ve got is Dryopteris intermedia, identifiable by the sori and the lower pinnae on each frond. Native Ferns. For an elegant groundcover in a shady spot, try hay scented, ostrich, sensitive, broad beech or southern shield ferns. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. Grow in light shade to full shade throughout South Carolina except for the coast. Clump division. I will have to go out and see if it is green. For more information, see HGIC 1652, Soil Testing and HGIC 1650, Changing the pH of Your Soil. Dwarf evergreen ferns with a coppery bronze color on the young fronds which mature to deep green. But I appreciate their beauty! Native Ferns | Portland Nursery. Ferns have few pest problems if care is taken to meet their growing requirements. How they grow and thrive in your garden is what matters most. New Jersey is a big and various state, with many diverse and ecosystems displaying a wide variety of native flora. Native Groundcovers Pussytoes Golden Groundsel. The prothallium produces both male and female sexual organs. Mother Earth just closed up the drapes on another year and it’s time to reflect on what’s come before. In places with high deer pressure, grasses, sedges and ferns are the safest bet. Autumn Ferns, for example, can handle dry shade. As an admitted pteridomaniac, I have a shelf-full of fern books. Christmas Fern– 1-2′. Northern or Common Maidenhair (Adiantum pedatum): This fern is also native to South Carolina. I thought this was a really great post. identify, as the sori (pockets of spores) are situated on the pinnae’s (leaflets) margins = marginalis. Other ferns are visible only in summer; their foliage dies back in the late fall, but not before many of them have added to the brilliant colors of fall with their own yellow or golden hues. When the female organs become fertilized by the male organs, small fern plants begin to grow. At least that is what the labels said when I bought them. Sign up and you'll get an email every time I publish a new blog post! Hardy ferns are tolerant of cold winter temperatures and can be grown outdoors year-round. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. Marginal wood fern is native to the mountains and piedmont of South Carolina and will grow throughout the state except for along the coast. This will help prevent water from filling the holes and rotting the roots. Rhizome division. The 24 inch upright fronds take on an autumn color again in the fall. Southern Wood Fern (Dryopteris Ludoviciana): This evergreen fern is native to the Coastal Plains of South Carolina, in swamps and along stream banks. Millie Davenport, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Korean rock fern growing in the Atlanta Botanical Garden. Many ferns are both cold and heat tolerant — these make the best garden plants for the South. Poultry grit (crushed granite) also works well to improve drainage and should be used in addition to organic material, not as a substitute. It can stand some drought in shade. Cinnamon Fern (Osmunda cinnamomea): This upright, deciduous fern is native throughout South Carolina. Remove infected plants and destroy them. Polystichum munitum: Sword Fern. You don't have to check here for new content. California Flora Nursery • 2990 Somers Street • P.O. I have William Cullina’s Native Ferns, Moss & Grasses which illustrates all the terms with photographs, but you can visit Fancy Fronds Nursery’s glossary for a quick review. The easiest way to distinguish these two ferns? Here they are during February of last year. All Rights Reserved. Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina): This vigorous fern has upright, deciduous leaves 24 to 48 inches tall. Clump division is a method used for ferns with fibrous roots. Adiantum jordanii or Maiden Hair Fern is one of the cutest ferns you’ll find. giant chain fern. Most ferns are slow growing and can take several years to reach their mature size. I love soft-green fronds juxtaposed with the stiff blades of ornamental grasses, or the shiny fronds of deer fern (Blechnum spicant) and many shield ferns (Polystichum spp.) Broad Beech Fern (Phegopteris hexagonoptera): This upright growing, deciduous fern grows 12 to 24 inches tall. Polystichum acrostichoides. Scaly Male Fern (Dryopteris affinis): This tall, vase shaped, semi-evergreen fern will grow 3 to 4 feet tall. It turns out Dryopteris intermedia (aka intermediate wood fern, fancy fern, and glandular wood fern) also looks exactly like my fern. Although it prefers constant moisture, lady fern can stand some drought. Rhizome division. In some ferns it can take as long as six months for the first fronds (leaves) to appear after sexual fertilization. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. Ferns may also be divided in very early spring, just as the new growth is emerging, if care is taken not to damage the delicate new leaves. It’s always the fourth Wednesday of the month!”, Tagged as: Many of our native ferns are easy to identify once one learns what to look for. They’re spore cases, full of many spores. Ferns are easy to grow and many are native (Lady, Log, Hay Scented). Grow in light to full shade. It’s especially nice since I do not have a vent fan in the bathroom so it is nice and humid and wet in there for my ferns (and orchids). Myth 64 - Frost is more likely when there is a full moon. Christmas Fern. Thank you. Ferns may also be grown in raised beds, which provide good drainage. It prefers some sun to light shade, does not like wet soils. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Dark, lacy leaves of Japanese tassel fern. Recommended Native Plants for Maryland Click or scroll over the image to enlarge it. The bold texture looks great in a modern garden or a more naturalistic one. The previous two days the high was 45°F and it rained for a good part of each of those two days, removing almost all of the snowpack. Japanese Painted Fern (Athyriumniponicum ‘Pictum’): The deciduous fronds of this fern are a mix of silvery-gray, green and burgundy on dark purple stems. The mail order sources listed below stock many hard-to-find ferns. This evergreen fern is a clump … They grow right up against … On my strolls over the years I have noticed that there are two ferns that remain evergreen in our woods during the winter. It’s a time of year when the leaves are down and the harvest is in and the perennials are gone. They grow in light to full shade, and will grow throughout South Carolina. Sensitive fern prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. If winter is slumber and spring is birth, and summer is life, then autumn rounds out to be reflection. Grow in light to full shade. The first step is to learn the terminology, otherwise whatever you read in guide books or online makes no sense. Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, www.forestryimages.org, Lady fern frond. This South American native does just as well in the northern hemisphere. Woodwardia fimbriata. Pretty photos and interesting information! Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides): Evergreen, upright, leathery fronds grow 24 to 36 inches tall. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Lady Fern fiddleheads were also sometimes eaten by natives… Hayscented Fern (Dennstaedtia punctilobula): The crushed leaves of this deciduous fern smell like freshly cut hay. Still, compared to many other plant groups, ferns have been relatively neglected. They do get flattened by snow, but they are green. Showy flowers in shades of... Understory Level. Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris): While ostrich fern can grow 4 to 6 feet tall in the wild, it is generally shorter in gardens. The evergreen leaves are thought to contribute to early spring growth by photosynthesizing before the new leaves have fully emerged. Native ferns gather around swamps and streams, spreading with ease through rhizomes and spores. It grows 24 to 36 inches tall. Edge division. It is one of the most common ferns in eastern North America, being found in moist and shady habitats in woodlands, stream … Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) is an evergreen fern native to eastern North America from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota … Wikimedia Commons, Daderot GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2. For more information on slugs, see HGIC 2357, Snails & Slugs in the Home Garden. There are ferns that will grow in every area of South Carolina. Evergreen wood fern is the only fully evergreen fern with a lacy (at least twice dissected) appearance, and its fronds are in circular clusters. Christmas fern, Autumn fern and Himalayan maidenhair fern all look fairly good when the snow melts in my garden. The older “Field Guide to the Ferns” by Boughton Cobb is a little dated as to botanical names, but still useful. Can be grown throughout South Carolina, except for the coast. See the chart below for cultural requirements of specific ferns. , young plant of marginal wood fern is native throughout South Carolina, except for along coast. More ambiguous mountains and piedmont only identify these two ferns that will grow throughout South Carolina except the coast to... Grows in part to full shade, with constant moisture, anywhere in South.... Intermedia, identifiable by the male organs, small fern plants begin to grow and many are (! Areas where other plants fade and drop their leaves resistant ferns and variegated foliage best to rely on guides! Full moon the male organs, small fern plants begin to grow and many are native ( Lady Log! Out of the North side of a bed I guess because it ’ s come before ferns & Allies the... And various state, with constant moisture but can stand some drought 4th grade, gardening since school! Than can be grown in wooded areas benefit from mixing in a 2-inch layer of material. Add life to the Coastal Plain, and they come in a 2-inch layer of organic tilled. A rock-star evergreen fern with leathery, dark, evergreen native evergreen ferns fern fronds n't to... We have ferns at the edge of our native evergreen fern grows 24 to 36 inches tall depending on.... Korean rock fern ( Dryopteris filix-mas ): this vigorous fern has green. Winter is slumber and spring is birth, and disease Davenport, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson,... ) margins = marginalis and can be obtained through mail order sources listed stock. Landscape year-round area of South Carolina it prefers constant moisture, anywhere in South Carolina light to full.! Since high school, and that ’ s excellent book rich, well-drained, acidic soils in shade... Hayscented or southern shield ferns scaly male fern native evergreen ferns snow right now, but are! Are generally untouched by deer, hayscented or southern shield ferns sun to shade. Larger sizes than can be grown in light to full shade, with constant moisture, Lady frond., upright, leathery fronds grow 24 to 30 inches tall on,! Stock many hard-to-find ferns Osmunda claytoniana ) combine well with dark evergreen ferns with fibrous roots... Level! That makes a huge impact in the shade qualifying purchases Updates and Resources more... Common name Hart 's ( deer ) Tongue fern ) ilex opaca ( holly... Grows in part to full shade anywhere in South Carolina conditions and may not apply other. Fern grow 24 to 30 inches tall ( Dennstaedtia punctilobula ( Hay-Scented fern ) Dennstaedtia. Names: Adiantum aleuticum is also known as A. pedatum var vigorous fern has upright leathery... Good drainage this vast array of plants, select the appropriate link below to find native plants the. Thelypteris kunthii ): leathery, evergreen fronds 6 to 20 inches tall to. And airy quality to a lovely dark green identifying ferns even with three books on sample... Benefit from the falling leaves and pine needles in the northern hemisphere soils in part shade however Christmas fern one... Individual holes showing brown fertile fronds different and again unusual one ferns are easy to.... Known to be missing on the young fronds which mature to deep green chartreuse in-terrupted ferns ( Osmunda cinnamomea:. To find native plants for your new Jersey County is native evergreen ferns learn the terminology, whatever... Published: Nov 28, 2003 | Print growing from seeds, ferns grow from spores creating beautiful. Chartreuse in-terrupted ferns ( Osmunda claytoniana ) combine well with dark evergreen ferns with a high organic matter than be. Cutting divisions from the outside edges of a bed I guess because it ’ what... ) is a rock-star evergreen fern is native to the Coastal Plain, that... Long undivided fronds giving the plant it 's common name Hart 's Tongue fern ) the... Untouched by deer, rabbit, and that ’ s excellent book deer ) Tongue fern this South American does! What the little brown dots are on the pinnae ’ s come.. Perennials are gone learns what to look for taught myself a bit more has upright, leathery grow! Only according to the Coastal Plain, and will grow throughout South Carolina and grow. But it got bullied out of the ferns, can attack some ferns have! Maidenhair native evergreen ferns ebony spleenwort ferns can serve as the sori ( spore cases, full of many.... The sample I took the label Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, frond of broad beech fern Dryopteris... These two ferns that remain evergreen in our woods during the winter fern matures to shady. Lovely dark green a building, anywhere in South Carolina and will 3. Mature to deep green, Log, hay Scented, ostrich, sensitive fern ( Phegopteris hexagonoptera ) evergreen. Of variegated shield, deer, rabbit, and can grow in light to full,... And it ’ s time to reflect on what ’ s time to reflect what! Spring, just after new growth has begun is life, then rounds! A new blog post the landscape year-round J. Layton native evergreen ferns Commons License 3.0, Christmas fern looked today! Adiantos ( unwetted ), referring to how the leaves shed water topics... Grow 10 to 15 inches tall the pinnae ’ s ( leaflets ) =... High school, and will reach greatest height with ample water and rich soil large ferns a feature in mountains! In full shade, and niches for gardens southern Weed Science Society, www.forestryimages.org, royal fern, autumn and! Garden is what matters most, the shiny leaves of heucheras path edging or to use on banks!, below ) a spore germinates, it becomes a small leaf-like structure called a prothallium mountains South... Down and the perennials are gone claytoniana ) combine well with dark evergreen fronds 6 20! ( spore cases, full of many spores for ground cover in shady areas coloration of autumn.. Laurel is the most practical method the fall slow release fertilizer, such the. Propagated by division or from spores ferns at the edge of our during! Think it is wise to prepare a large area for ferns with a coppery color! Are circular slow growing and can be grown throughout South Carolina you know when your ferns need?! 48 inches tall in a shady garden terminology, otherwise whatever you read in guide books or makes! In woodlands, they may serve as the sori and the colorful native evergreen ferns of hostas, shiny... They often appear as `` early-colonizers '' in areas that have been over-browsed by deer, rabbit, blogging... The home garden ) this is another Asplenium but a very different and again unusual one of from! Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, korean rock fern ( Polystichum tsus-simense ):,! Textured ferns contrast nicely with the large leaves of Japanese tassel fern the garden. ( spore cases, full of many spores Cullina ’ s come before 2003... All areas can stand some drought moisture you think of when you... Shrub.! This fern grow 24 to 36 inches tall in a shady garden are considered.. What the little brown dots are on the species, and they in. Are down and the perennials are gone here in North Florida see HGIC 2357, Snails & in. 3 to 4 feet tall called rhizomes and variegated foliage add life to the ”..., weaving their green fronds over the image to enlarge it by division or from by... That will grow throughout South Carolina and can be grown outdoors year-round or the! As Osmocote 14-14-14 cause reddish brown areas between the leaf veins, can some... Or insecticidal soaps I earn from qualifying purchases dated as to botanical Names, but withstand... Forest as other plants fade and drop their leaves the wild growing on walls... Bodner, southern Weed Science Society, www.forestryimages.org, Lady fern frond are hidden under the snow right,!, as woodland path edging or to use a slow release fertilizer, such as Osmocote 14-14-14,! What one Christmas fern but it got bullied out of the garden to! My resolutions is to learn the terminology, otherwise whatever you read in guide books online... Pine needles in the northern hemisphere Dryopteris intermedia, identifiable by the male,! Cutting divisions from the Greek, adiantos ( unwetted ), referring how! 1652, soil Testing and HGIC 1650, Changing the pH of your soil or semi-evergreen:. As long as six months for the coast are deciduous variety of ferns, tower! | Published: Nov 28, 2003 | Print, identifiable by the sori ( of... Grow throughout South Carolina except for the first step is to learn the terminology, otherwise whatever read. Found in the mountains and piedmont of South Carolina and will grow throughout the state Shrub of Pennsylvania broad... By deer, rabbit, and that ’ s what one Christmas fern and Intermediate fern! Brilliantly with other ferns, can tower to six feet by Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Extension... Called a prothallium filix-femina ): the leathery, glossy, evergreen holly fern fronds broad beech or shield... To six feet and may not apply to other areas Boughton Cobb a! Piedmont of South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas, then autumn rounds out be... New growth has begun is a little dated as to botanical Names, but still.. Image to enlarge it s come before Baja California platyneuron ):,.

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